A Study about Power Dynamics and Organizational Change: Comparison of Perspectives
Introduction:~ This special issue of the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology is about power dynamics and organizational change. In this issue theoretical models, research findings and practical experiences are presented to examine power processes, decision making, influence tactics, resistance to change, management of change, and effects of change processes in organizations. As guest editors we wanted to introduce this issue by discussing different perspectives on power and organizational change, and to explore the relationships between power dynamics, organizational change, and the results of change efforts.
Organizational change processes are influenced by the institutionalization of power and the behaviour of interest groups in and around organizations. For the past decade or so, both the power embedded in formal organizational structures as well as the processes and the existing organizational arrangements have been changing dramatically. The pressures of global competition and deregulation have led many companies and institutions to search for new forms of organization and different models for managing people. Companies become flatter, leaner, and less functionally oriented. Levels of management are being eliminated and corporate staff numbers are being reduced. keep reading…
Abstract: This paper surveys the empirical literature on human capital and productivity and summarizes the results of my own work on the subject. On balance, the available evidence suggests that investment in education has a positive, significant and sizable effect on productivity growth. According to my estimates, moreover, the social returns to investment in human capital are higher than those on physical capital in most EU countries and in many regions of Spain.
Introduction: One of the most distinctive features of the “new” theories of economic growth has been the broadening of the relevant concept of capital. While traditional neoclassical models focused almost exclusively on the accumulation of physical capital (equipment and structures), more recent contributions have attributed increasing importance to the accumulation of human capital and productive knowledge and to the interaction between these two factors. The empirical evidence, however, has not always been consistent with the new theoretical models.
Case Study about Integrating Individual, Work Group and Organizational Factors
Background: This paper is part of a larger study of bullying in the Australian nursing workforce. While a number of studies have documented the frequency and consequences of bullying among nurses, there have been few attempts to develop integrated theoretical models that identify individual, work group and organizational factors.
Introduction: The ﬁeld of workplace bullying has developed rapidly in recent decades, with considerable work undertaken in a number of industry sectors to deﬁne the nature and extent of the problem. Nurses are considered a high-risk occupational group for exposure to workplace violence and aggression.
Study about A Critical Review of Strategic Conflict Theory and Socio-political Instability Models
Abstract: This paper provides a critical general overview of two strands of recent vast economic literature on social conflicts, namely strategic conflict theory and socio-political instability models. The first strand can be traced back to Haavelmo (1954) and has been further developed in a variety of ways by game theoretical models of rational conflict . Their goal is to understand threat power. A second version of conflict theory has been developed by the founders of the Public Choice School in order to tackle genuine political violence.
Introduction: Neoclassical economic theory does not deny conflictual or antagonistic interests caused by scarcity. But as Varoufakis and Young (1990) aptly point out, this general opposition or antagonism must be distinguished from conflictual activity involving the use of resources (including time) to resolve competition between contending interests. In other words, antagonistic interests need not necessarily develop into open confrontation.
This study aims at providing them with a strategic framework or method to analyze the marketability of their products or services and exploit internationalization opportunities. It also focuses on helping them in reducing their risks linked with cross border business opportunities.Methodology/DesignThis research is performed through case study method. A new conceptual model has been developed by integrating relevant standard approaches within field of research. This model has been further explained by implementing it on case company (Widforss).ConclusionsThis study claims to make a significant and creative contribution to the field of SMEs internationalization through two theoretical models named as International SME Model of Innovation Exploitation (ISMIE) and Proactive International Entrepreneurship model (PIE). Both of these models use marketing research as key success factor. However, sufficient empirical evidences could not be provided due to limitations. Whereas, the practical contribution for the case firm named as Widforss industries is very evident. Read more…