This paper reports on case study that investigated the development of mainly tacit and mainly explicit components of knowledge of area measurement of a student-pair. The research covered two terms or periods of the students’ learning of the subject: when they were aged 11 to 12 and when they were aged 12 to 13. The data analysis was based on Ernest’s model of mathematical knowledge, with reference to its mainly tacit and mainly explicit components, and Kitcher’s ideas about the development of mathematics practice. The results of the research reinforced our hypothesis that students’ mathematical knowledge displays a very similar structure to that of the mathematical knowledge of the mathematicians.
Introduction: The concept of tacit knowledge does not have a single meaning. As discussed in Frade’s (2004) work some researchers address what can be called Polanyi’s psychological version of tacit knowledge: knowledge that functions as subsidiary to the acquisition of other knowledge. Other researchers use the words tacit and explicit as opposites to refer to different, but complementary ontological dimensions of the same component of a certain practice. Whatever meaning we choose – psychological or ontological – the researchers quoted by Frade (ibid) share in some way Polanyi’s (1969) epistemological thesis that all knowledge is tacit or constructed from tacit knowledge: put it in another way, language alone is not enough to render knowledge explicit. Keep reading..
A Case Study about Framework for Organisational Control Principles
Abstract: Just as organisations have goals describing their primary business objectives, they also have goals with respect to controlling how these objectives are met. These are the control goals of an organisation which are enforced through a system of internal control. Such a system enables them to adhere to external laws and internal regulations, prevent and detect fraud and continuously enhance the overall quality of the business. Independent of the type of organisation, these internal control systems use common underlying principles to establish and achieve control over business activities.
Introduction: Error and fraud can lead to losses of any kind. Identifying, establishing and maintaining the appropriate controls can help to prevent and detect such errors and fraud. When Nick Leeson brought down Barings Bank after running up losses of £862 million on unauthorised trading in derivatives, a lack of control became painfully obvious. However, at least in the ﬁnancial area little seems to have been done, as is documented in the case of John Rusnak, alleged to be responsible for a £500 million fraud when trading currencies at an US subsidiary of Allied Irish Bank in early 2002. When interviewed about Rusnak’s case, Mr. Leeson said that the deals at Allied Irish Banks’ US subsidiary showed similarities to his own 1995 scandal in Singapore.
Introduction: Based in Taipei, Taiwan, the Bank of Overseas Chinese (BOOC) grew to over 2,000 staff in 59 locations. Challenged by growth, IT staff found it difficult to manage disparate data and systems. Employees needed faster ways to search and securely access decentralized data. Trying to maintain more than 3000 PCs with multiple image files and faced with other difficult issues, IT was severely overloaded.
Situation: Bank of Overseas Chinese (BOOC), founded in 1961 to promote local investment by overseas Chinese, provides corporate, personal, and credit card services, financing, wealth management, and other financial services. In Taiwan’s financial industry in recent years, banks and other financial service companies like BOOC have been confronted by fierce competition in a saturated market. They have had to work hard to differentiate themselves and retain the loyalty of their existing customers while attracting those of competitors. BOOC responded to the challenge by aggressively positioning itself in the insurance and wealth management sector, joining with New York Life Insurance Company in 2005 and with Polaris Securities, a Taiwanese investment company, in 2006. In 2007, BOOC became a subsidiary of Citibank. Now, BOOC has grown to 59 offices in Taiwan and has more than 2,000 employees.
Case Study about Model Changeovers in the Toyota Production System
Abstract: This article seeks to reconceptualize the relationship between ﬂexibility and efﬁciency. Much organization theory argues that efﬁciency requires bureaucracy, that bureaucracy impedes ﬂexibility, and that organizations therefore confront a tradeoff between efﬁciency and ﬂexibility. Some researchers have challenged this line of reasoning, arguing that organizations can shift the efﬁciency/ﬂexibility tradeoff to attain both superior efﬁciency and superior ﬂexibility.
Others have pointed out numerous obstacles to successfully shifting the tradeoff. Seeking to advance our understanding of these obstacles and how they might be overcome, we analyze an auto assembly plant that appears to be far above average industry performance in both efﬁciency and ﬂexibility. NUMMI, a Toyota subsidiary located in Fremont, California, relied on a highly bureaucratic organization to achieve its high efﬁciency. Analyzing two recent major model changes, we ﬁnd that NUMMI used four mechanisms to support its exceptional ﬂexib ility.
VVIP choppers deal facing charges of kickbacks, government on Thursday formally asked Italian firm Finmeccanica to state whether any money was illegally paid to any Indian entity or individual amidst its warning of legal action including blacklisting of the firm.
The ministry of defence, which is under attack on the issue, came out with a factsheet detailing the sequence of the Rs 3 crore deal for 12 helicopters clinched in 2010 by a Finmeccanica subsidiary AgustaWestland. It notes that the mandatory technical requirements of the chopper were changed in the tender during the Vajpayee government in 2003, with the then national security adviser Brajesh Mishra playing a key role…
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WMH Tool Group, a subsidiary of Walter Meier Holding AG and a leading manufacturer of tools, woodworking and metal processing products, has recently implemented SPS software-as-a-service offering for its EDI needs, replacing its former internal EDI software solution. The hosted EDI services implementation is underway, and will include integration with WMHs SAP R/3 system… Read more..
SR Micro supplies electronic materials to the world’s leading semiconductor manufacturers and operates as a subsidiary of JSR Corporation in Japan.
Based in Sunnyvale, California, and employing more than 140 people, the company is a major player throughout the world with customers like Intel and IBM, as well as many other well-known leaders in the semiconductor industry. According to Doug Cates, Senior HR Business Partner, maintaining quality and efficiency is what makes them successful. Read more..
The Belgian UNILIN was taken over by the American holding Mohawk Industries in 2005, the quick integration with the other business units around the world became a necessity. There was a simultaneous desire to integrate the many heterogeneous IT systems of all business units into a new, service oriented structure (SOA), and automate all business processes. Mohawk also sought software to centrally monitor all automated processes in order to react more quickly to changes in the market.
UNILIN has been a subsidiary of Mohawk Industries, a holding with various business units spread around the whole world, since 2005. Integrating a new business unit with the others was a difficult and timeconsuming activity, because one constantly had to work ad hoc. That had to change. “The necessity to enable the mutual IT systems of the holding to better communicate with each other became urgent”, explains Hans Valcke, Microsoft Technology Program Manager & Architect at the UNILIN Group. Read more..
General: iSecurity Audit is being used by the Luxembourg subsidiary of DnBNOR Bank (formerly Union Bank of Norway), which is part of Norway’s largest financial services group with total combined assets of nearly $300B. This document will discuss various aspects of configuring and implementing iSecurity Audit at DnBNOR Bank and can serve as a valuable reference for all iSecurity Audit customers worldwide.
Raz-Lee Security would like to take this opportunity to thank Mr. Michael Neylon of DnBNOR’s internal auditing department for his assistance in defining the auditing requirements and implementingiSecurity Audit as described in this Case Study, as well as Mr. Gerd Gesner and Mr. Bertrand Wauters of our Belgium distributor. Click here to read more…
Challenge: Competition in the airline industry has become fiercer than ever. Each company is implementing aggressive service improvement policies for a larger market share. The big carriers have declared a war against low-cost airlines, which are threatening their existing field of expertise. Budget airlines are holding promotional events, providing heavy discounts to lure travelers who would otherwise choose the service of more reliable and long-established carriers such as Asiana Airlines.
Strategy: Carriers within Carriers (CWC): One of the competitive practices implemented by non-budget airlines is the introduction of Carriers within Carriers (CWC) to cope with the industry turbulence coming from price competition. The idea is to create a low-cost subsidiary to face off with low-cost carriers more effectively in their own area of specialty and prices. Click here to read more…