Employees have shown a great desire for ﬂexible work arrangements (FWAs). National data reveals that nearly 80% of workers say they would like to have more ﬂexible work options and would use them if there were no negative consequences at work. However, most workers do not have access to ﬂexible work arrangements and barriers to their effective implementation persist in many organizations as the following nationally representative employer-based survey data reveals.
Many businesses have responded and various studies indicate both a growth in ﬂexible work options and an expanded understanding of their relevance to workforce recruitment, morale, production, and retention. However, to the extent that ﬂexibility is available, access differs considerably across occupations with managerial, administrative and professional workers having the most ﬂexibility. Uniform information on FWA characteristics, access and utilization is not available across job sectors and occupations. Most publicly available literature on the implementation of FWAs is employer-based and tends to emphasize the processes through which companies develop and market their ﬂexible arrangements and only minimally describes the speciﬁc details of actual policies and their use. To the extent that these programs have been documented, several themes emerge. Read more on Flexible Work Arrangements
A Study about National Export Strategy – Gender Dimension
The issues of gender and women’s empowerment are receiving increasing attention internationally. Globally, gender equality is increasingly recognized as a key economic growth and competitiveness factor. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), in particular MDG 3 (reduce gender disparity in education, in access to and control of productive resources) provide a solid pillar on which to rally calls for gender empowerment.
Although there is limited disaggregated data by gender in economic activity and business operations in Uganda, it is generally acknowledged that women’s share in the ownership and control of productive resources is far less than men’s. Engendering of the NES, therefore, is a step in the direction of making exports work for the good of all; men and women alike. Some work needs to be done to put this goal into context relevant to gender issues and concerns of national plans such as the NES and to mobilize relevant stakeholders to ensure that the role of exports in development covers all sectors of the society. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Justice for Indigenous Peoples in Bangladesh
Introduction: The overall justice system in Bangladesh has long been seen to provide a deteriorating service to the population in general and for indigenous people in particular. Most of the approaches which have been adopted to date to enhance access to justice, whether systemic, institutional, social or pedagogic, have marginalized the rights of indigenous peoples, been inadequate in their outreach and largely insensitive to questions of cultural distinctiveness.
Methodology: The design and conduct of the study followed an inclusive and participatory approach. A team composed of an advisor and two national consultants, combined deskwork, consultation processes and action research in order to seek insights and in-depth information on key issues related access to justice, including access to both the formal and the informal justice systems. In addition to gathering information, the study sought to raise awareness and engage in a dialogue with those consulted about their rights and entitlements, the relevant governance frameworks and the legal and judicial mechanisms available for redress of grievances in the sectors under discussion. keep reading..
A Study about Community-based Approaches to Peacebuilding in Conflict-affected and Fragile Contexts
Introduction: The impact of violent conflict and fragility on a country’s society, economy and political governance is devastating and encompassing. The effects can be tangible and visible, including killed and injured civilians, destroyed or derelict bridges and wells, and damaged or inadequate health and education facilities. They can also be intangible, such as the collapse of state institutions, mistrust in government, the destruction of social relationships, psychological trauma and pervasive fear. Addressing both types of effects are essential in conflict-affected and fragile contexts.
This paper explores the rationale behind community-based approaches; and key issues, challenges and considerations in designing and implementing such approaches. It highlights overarching issues across sectors and country-contexts, with particular focus on implications specific to conflict-affected and fragile contexts. Section one provides an overview of community-based approaches to peacebuilding, including a brief look at typology and community institutions. Section two outlines the key aims of community-based approaches and how these aims are approached. It also discusses the various challenges in fulfilling these aims and how these challenges can be addressed. Keep reading…
Case Study for Division of Labour in European Development Co-operation
Background Issues: Until the accession to the EU, many of the new member states (NMS) were themselves recipients of donor funds (some still are) and therefore less involved in development cooperation policies. Their new status requires a different attitude in this area. To participate fully in the activities at the level of the European Commission and to contribute to the effectiveness of EU aid, these countries first have to develop their development policies and strategies, raise the awareness among their citizens and engage in different development co-operation projects.
Outline of the Analysis: The study begins with an analysis of the current development policies of the ten NMS which had joined the EU in 2004, based on available official documents. First, an overview of the existing level of development co-operation activities is carried out. Where possible, the countries, sectors and instruments of current development co-operation policies of these countries were analysed. Primarily on the basis of accessible literature and to some extent with the help of contacts in the countries themselves, key issues in each country’s development co-operation policies were identified, including the problem of awareness and fund raising, involvement of the civil society and participation in various EU-led initiatives in development cooperation. Keep reading…
Study about the Current Situation and Prospects of Mutual in Europe
Executive summary: The objective of the study is to “provide the Commission with up to date knowledge to better assess the current situation of mutuals and allow a reasoned reflection on the need for eventual future policy development”. The study should include inter alia: a mapping of the relevant national legislation covering various types of mutuals operating in various sectors; a comprehensive overview of the mutuals’ activities, as well as the importance and role of mutuals per country.
An inventory of difficulties and barriers mutuals may have when they try to grow and expand particularly cross border; identification of national measures in support of mutuals, and; recommendations for possible actions at national or European level, for the promotion of mutuals and the elimination of barriers impeding their development. The study has been conducted by researchers from Panteia, supported by experts from the countries studied. read more in Prospects of Mutuals in Europe
Introduction: Mutual insurance companies write large proportions of insurance policies in many sectors. They have been very successful for several reasons. First, as Malinvaud (1973) points out, future markets provide only a remote idealization to the actual mechanism for risk allocation since the ideal market system is too costly to implement.
On the contrary, pooling individual risk by means of mutual insurance policies permits substantial economizing on market transactions. Another important reason for the success of mutual insurance is that they can solve through peer monitoring some moral hazard problems that plague incorporated insurance companies. Read more in Mutual Fire Insurance..
Case Study about Understanding the Long Term Impact of the Framework Programme
Summary: The Framework Programme has been the subject of various kinds of evaluation since it began in 1984. These have consistently focused on the programme cycle in hand. As a result its longer-term – in an important sense most policy-relevant – impacts have barely been explored. This path-breaking study is intended as an initial exploration of these longer-term impacts and of the usefulness of coupling scientometric techniques with a case-based approach to impact. This volume summarises the project as a whole. A companion volume sets out the cases in more detail.
The Framework Programme: The origins of the Framework Programme are in European efforts to close a perceived ‘technology gap’, first with the USA and later with Japan, and to promote European competitiveness, especially in energy and Information Technology. The changing nature of global competition and the progress of the European project towards closer union has meant that the role of the Framework Programme has evolved. Initially, it was an effort to support European industrial competitiveness in a limited number of sectors by networking together and strengthening European technology development effort.
Case studies about Strategic Approaches to Community Led Health Improvement
Summary: As part of the Meeting the Shared Challenge programme we have carried out five case studies of the overall approaches that have been taken to community-led health improvement in local areas. They show the variety of approaches that can be taken to planning for and supporting community-led health. The role of the Meeting the Shared Challenge programme itself is mentioned only where relevant.We map the overall approach taken in each area. In each case we focus on one or two distinctive features that are likely to be of wider interest, describe these in more detail, and outline learning points that can be drawn from the local experience.
Introduction: The Meeting the Shared Challenge programme is a national support programme which aims to promote and develop a community-led approach to health improvement. It is delivered by the Scottish Community Development Centre (SCDC) and the Community Health Exchange (CHEX). The programme aims to influence people in all sectors and support local partnerships to strengthen the ways in which community-led health improvement is understood, planned for and supported, as part of their overall approach to improving health and wellbeing.
A Study about Framework for Waste Prevention in Northern Ireland
This Framework for Waste Prevention, developed by the Department of the Environment, Environment & Heritage Service, collates the ﬁndings of the stakeholder engagement/ consultation process carried out by the National Resource Waste Forum.October 2004 marked the beginning of the waste prevention consultation process.
A total of 600 key stakeholders were invited to take part, representing all sectors in Northern Ireland. The process included the circulation of a questionnaire and supporting information in February 2005 followed by workshops in April 2005. Four well attended workshops, provided the opportunity for discussion on possible policy measures and action which would result in the prevention of waste in Northern Ireland.