A Study report about Socio- Economic Disability and Unemployment Problems among Muslims of Other Backward Classes
Executive Summary: Since independence, India has achieved significant growth and development. It has also been successful in reducing poverty and improving crucial human development indicators such as levels of literacy, education and health. There are indications however, that not all religious communities and social groups has shared equally the benefits of growth process. Among them, the OBC Muslims, constituting 6 % of the population, are seriously lagging behind in term of the most of the human development indicators. While the perception of deprivation is widespread among OBC Muslims, there have been no systematic efforts since independence to analyze their condition in the country.
Sachar Commission has done a laudable work in making in-depth study and highlighting the plight of Muslims. However, there is marked difference between Gen. Muslims and OBC Muslims. If analysis is made in regard to socio-economic, employment and educational level of Gen. Muslims and OBC Muslims separately, it will reveal that Gen. Muslims in general are not behind Non-Muslim OBCs, SCs and STs, but large sections of OBC Muslims certainly are. It is the latter who need special care, protection and promotion in economic and educational fields. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Dialogue on Intersectoral Action
In the last decade, social and health inequalities have moved to the centre of the policy environment in New Zealand. From an absence of general discussion about disparities between groups, awareness has increased to the extent that inequalities are now a significant part of the political debate for the major political parties and central to the policy development and monitoring frameworks, particularly in the health sector.
This paper considers how this development has occurred with regard to health and presents initial indicators of the progress made, exploring why New Zealand chose to act on health inequalities and how this has been implemented. The paper provides a brief overview of health inequalities in New Zealand followed by a discussion of relevant local literature and tools to address these inequalities. Intersectoral action as part of a ‘whole of government’ approach to inequalities has been a key element of implementation efforts, and an intersectoral housing project to improve health is described to illustrate this. The paper concludes with a consideration of the impact of the policy attention to inequalities and further challenges for New Zealand to continue progress in this area. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Importance of Interaction in Web-Based Education
Abstract: Though interaction is often billed as a significant component of successful online learning, empirical evidence of its importance as well as practical guidance or specific interaction techniques continue to be lacking. In response, this study utilizes both quantitative and qualitative data to investigate how instructors and students perceive the importance of online interaction and which instructional techniques enhance those interactions. Results show that instructors perceive the learner-instructor and learnerlearner interactions as key factors in high quality online programs.
While online students generally perceive interaction as an effective means of learning, they vary with regard to having more interaction in online courses. Such variations seem to be associated with differences in personality or learning style. The present study also shows that instructors tend to use technologies and instructional activities that they are familiar with or have relied on in traditional classroom settings. When it comes to learning more sophisticated technologies or techniques, instructors vary significantly in their usage of new approaches. Keep reading…
Executive Summary: An effective comprehensive response to health system strengthening in crisis-affected fragile states demands coherent action by all participating actors. A particularly complex challenge in this regard is coordinating the desired outcomes and the required actions of the humanitarian & development and security communities.A joint team from NATO’s Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre and Harvard Medical School is engaged in a study with the overarching aim to infer elements of a strategic framework for health system strengthening in crisis-affected fragile states focusing on optimal use of all global contributions. The approach adopted by the team to meet this aim relies predominantly on case study research.
Introduction: The scope of the overarching project is to examine the relationship between health system strengthening in crisis-affected fragile states and the activities of the security community, particularly through the employment of their military assets in those states.Many of the challenges to health system strengthening come from the need to align the actions of an increasing number of various interested parties, both in preparing for future crises and when responding to an individual crisis. A particularly complex challenge in these respects is coordinating the desired outcomes and the required actions of the humanitarian & development and security communities. Keep reading..
Case Study about Functional Roles of Broca’s Area and SMG
Introduction: The role of the left hemisphere perisylvian areas in language function has been ﬁrmly established by decades of clinical research involving subjects who have incurred acute brain damage. Within the past 10 years it has become clear that this left hemisphere specialization for language is observed not only for users of spoken languages, but for deaf users of signed languages as well More recent work strives to elucidate regional specialization within the left hemisphere.
Pennsylvania regions in relation to the multiple functional systems involved in human language processing. In this regard, lesion studies have signiﬁcant limitations; lesions are often large and not circumscribed to speciﬁc regions of interest and often impact several processing systems, further obscuring functional–anatomical relationships. keep reading…
A Case Study about Organizational Stress in Elite Sport
This paper is an investigation of organizational stress in elite athletes. Fifteen elite athletes from the UK were interviewed with regard to potential sources of organizational stress in preparation for major international competitions.
Four main organizational stress issues were examined: environmental issues, personal issues, leadership issues, and team issues. The main environmental issues that were revealed were: selection, the training environment, and finances. The main personal issues were: nutrition, injury, and goals and expectations. The main leadership issues revealed were: coaches, and coaching styles.
Globalization Process in India: A Historical Perspective Since Independence, 1947
INTRODUCTION: Since the early 1970s, there have been several research papers on varied issues of globalization with reference to India. However, one of the basic issues is still not researched sufficiently. The key concern of this paper is to explain the meaning of Globalization in terms of the genesis, the evolution, and the characteristics of globalization with respect to India. In other words, the paper focuses on what globalization has meant for India during the last about 60 years.
In early 1990s the Indian economy had witnessed dramatic policy changes. The idea behind the new economic model known as Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization in India (LPG), was to make the Indian economy one of the fastest growing economies in the world. An array of reforms was initiated with regard to industrial, trade and social sector to make the economy more competitive.
A Case Study about Program Evaluation and Methodology Division
This is a case instance. It is an effective way of drawing attention to a problem such as training quality. Such anecdotes are remembered and they are convincing. What they are not, however, is generalizable: that is, an anecdote doesn’t tell whether it is the only such instance or whether the problem is wide-spread. And anecdotes usually don’t show the reasons for a situation, and thus are of limited value in suggesting solutions.
The challenge for evaluators is how to use those aspects of an anecdote that are effective for our work the immediacy, the convincingness, the attention-getting quality and, at the same time, fulfill other informational requirements for our jobs, such as generalizability and reliability. Case study methods, while not without their limitations in this regard, can help us answer this challenge.
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Situation: The adidas sporting goods brand is famous across the world and, like any household name, it could potentially become the target of protests and media pressure if its parent company’s policies and practices fail to win public approval. Using an external supply-chain has allowed adidas-Salomon to keep its costs down and remain competitive. However, the company’s supply chain is long and complex, relying on about 570 factories around the world. In Asia alone, its suppliers operate in 18 different countries. Moreover, its cost-saving use of external suppliers is not without risks: in particular, the company has less control over workplace conditions at its suppliers’ factories than it would have at company-owned sites.
Targets: Outsourcing supply should not mean outsourcing moral responsibility. Recognizing this, and having regard to the risks and responsibilities associated with managing a global supply-chain, adidas-Salomon has designed and implemented a comprehensive supply-chain management strategy. That strategy is to source the company’s supplies from the cheapest acceptable sources rather than from the cheapest possible. The company has its own so-called “standards of engagement” (SOE) and the level of acceptability is based on the values of the company itself. Contractors, sub-contractors, suppliers and others are therefore expected to conduct themselves in line with adidas-Salomon’s SOE..