Study about Central Statistical Organization of Bhutan
Background:~ The statistical system in Bhutan is relatively decentralized and involves several national agencies, besides the National Statistical Bureau, like the Royal Monetary Authority or the Central Bank, and the various line Ministries. Each agency collects and prepares statistics to serve their own analytical and policy needs and also publishes some information that helps to shed statistical light that is helpful in the national context. The National Statistical Bureau, prior to October 2003 was known as the Central Statistical Organization and was a division under the Planning Commission. In October 2003, by “Government Order”, the, CSO was reorganized as an autonomous body and officially redesignated as the National Statistical Bureau. The National Statistical Bureau is managed by a Statistical Board chaired by the Minister for Labour and Human Resources, with members from key government ministries.
Mission/Mandate of the National Statistical Bureau:~ The mission of the National Statistical Bureau is to provide comprehensive, accurate, timely and reliable data/information to all the data users including the government, private and international organizations and individuals. The National Statistical Bureau, through the following mandate, hopes to work towards the attainment of the stated mission. However, while carrying out these roles and responsibilities it is also felt necessary to build the capacity and the capability of the national statistical staff so to carry them out effectively and efficiently. Keep reading…
A Study about Improving the Efficiency of the Indian Employment Assurance Scheme
The Indian Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) was launched by the federal government in October 1993 in poor and drought prone districts (blocks) throughout India to assure employment during lean agricultural seasons, and to create economic and community infrastructure to promote sustained employment and development. The scheme had a budget of US$518 million in 1997-98 and was implemented through the development administration of the state governments under the supervision of the Central Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment (MRAE).
The Programme Evaluation Organisation (PEO) was asked by the government’s Planning Commission to assess the performance of EAS and to suggest measures for improved performance. In view of reported unsatisfactory performance of EAS and other poverty alleviation schemes, reforms of these schemes were already on the agenda of the government. However, an independent evaluation was needed to judge performance on the basis of hard data from the grassroots, and to determine how exactly the restructuring could be undertaken. Keep reading..
A Study report about Integrated Child Development Services
Executive Summary:~ Systematic evaluations of development interventions often lead to the evolution of sharper policies based on hardcore evidence. It is standard practice to look into the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the intervention in question. The present evaluation exercise vis-à-vis ICDS considers the first four components. It examines the relevance of ICDS in the context of attaining important national goals (which are in line with the United Nations Millennium Development Goals – MDGs) like reducing child mortality and morbidity rates resulting from malnutrition, and moving towards the ideal of Universal Elementary Education. The effectiveness of the programme in delivering the designed services has also been probed.
Methodology:~ To seek answers to the above questions NCAER collected secondary data from the websites of MWCD and generated the required primary data base through a sample survey covering 19,500 households, 3,000 community leaders and 1,500 AWC from 300 projects spread over 100 districts in 35 states and UTs. For process-related information, questionnaires were separately designed for various nodes of project administration. The details of Sample Design (sample districts and sizes at different levels were fixed by Planning Commission), computation of weights for sample units, questionnaires and their contents are available in Chapters 3 & 4. The study design factored in the concept of “with-and without” methodology of outcome and impact assessment as also the concept of “theory of change” in Log-frame hierarchy. Keep reading…
Executive Summary: Impact Assessment Study of Socio-Economic Development Programmes in Himachal Pradesh, sponsored by the Planning Commission, Government of India has been conducted by Asia pacific Socio-Economic Research Institute, New Delhi from December 1999 to February 2000. 2. For socio-economic development of the country – a cherished goal before the planners since the launch of the First Five Year Plan – development strategy has undergone important adaptations in successive Plans reflecting both changing conditions and fresh experiences.
‘Trickle Down Theory’ of the first two decades of planned development was replaced by direct interventionist policy for target oriented groups. Expansion of employment opportunities was found necessary for poverty alleviation and effective utilization of human resources for economic and social development. Keep reading..
Case Study about Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and Gender Linkages: India
Overview: The National Human Development Report of the Planning Commission in India (2001) notes that the attainments in human development indicators for females as a proportion of that of males has only marginally improved from 62 per cent in the early eighties to 67.6 per cent in the early nineties. This means that on average the attainments of women on human development indicators were only two thirds of those of men.
There are apprehensions that design, planning and implementation of the Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) in India would worsen the gender asymmetry in terms of accessing affordable health care, nutrition and their rights on community knowledge systems. At one level, the granting of monopoly rights serves to enhance the costs of products and services especially those related to medicines. Also, at another level, TRIPS by extending legal recognition to only individual rights excludes protection to community based knowledge systems wherein women have a critical stake thereby ignoring both its economic significance and contribution.
Budget Made & the People Behind Through the Budget, the government of the day seeks Parliament’s permission to collect funds by way of taxes, duties, borrowings and so on. These funds are used, with the approval of Parliament, to meet expenses.
Who makes The Budget: Budget is made through a consultative process involving ministry of fi nance, Planning Commission and the spending ministries States present their annual demand to the Planning Commission and others to ministries concerned Finance ministry and Planning Commission issue guidelines to spending based on which ministries present their demand.
How is The Budget Made: In September, the Budget Division issues a circular to all Union ministries, states, UTs, autonomous bodies and departments the defence forces for preparing budget estimates for the next year After ministries and departments send in their demands, extensive consultations are held between Union ministries and the Department of Expenditure of the Finance Ministry.. Keep Reading
Introduction: India suffered the worst blackouts in history this year, which left over 600 million people without power. The lights are back on, for now, but the crisis is evidence of deep problems in a sector teetering on the edge of bankruptcy for the second time in a decade. The deeper problem, however, stems from decades of populist pricing and inefficiency that have pushed losses at state utilities to an estimated $10 billion in the year that ended in March 2012, according to the Planning Commission, a top government advisory body. Politicians currying favour with the farm vote have granted free or heavily subsidized power for agriculture, while idealists have fought to bring affordable light to the poor.
Challenges with Diesel to Solar Conversion: If farmers get free electricity, they have no incentive to switch. For diesel pumpsets, there may be an incentive but subsidies are limited for a large scale switch from diesel to SPV pumpset. The key barrier to the large-scale dissemination of solar PV water pumps is the high capital cost incurred by farmers compared to the much lower capital cost of conventional pumps. SPV The cost of 2-HP solar water pump is Rs 4 lakh (8,000 USD) while a 5-HP pump costs Rs 10 lakh(18,000 USD). Keep reading