Abstract: Despite the societal importance of reusing waste materials, few empirical studies have specifically examined recycling behaviors as differentiated from attitudes and intentions. This paper reviews the empirical studies of recycling, summarizes research findings, and identifies areas for future research. The effects on recycling behavior of both personal variables (personality, demographics, and attitudes of environmental concern) and manipulable situational variables are reviewed. Results indicate that high income is a good predictor of recycling, whereas gender and age are not. General environmental concern appears to be related to recycling only when recycling requires a high degree of effort. However, relevant specific attitudes have consistently been found to correlate with recycling behavior.
Introduction: The need to recycle used materials has become a pressing issue over the last 30 years (Ladd, 1990). This increasing concern is clearly evidenced in the proliferation of federal, state, and local legislation directed toward the implementation .of recycling programs. In 1993 in the U.S.A., 41 of the 50 states had in place laws specifying a minimum level of refuse that must be recycled (Grogan, 1993). Despite the increasing concern regarding conservation of natural resources, scant psychological research has been conducted on recycling or conservation be- haviors as differentiated from attitudes, intentions, and beliefs. Although reviews of varied pro-environ- mental behaviors have previously been published (Geller et al., 1982; Dwyer et al., 19931, the topic of recycling behaviors has received relatively little attention. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Self-Evaluations and Personality: Negative Implications for Mental Health
Abstract: The relation between overly positive self-evaluations and psychological adjustment was examined. Three studies, two based on longitudinal data and another on laboratory data, contrasted self-descriptions of personality with observer ratings (trained examiners or friends) to index self-enhancement. In the longitudinal studies, self-enhancement was associated with poor social skills and psychological maladjustment 5 years before and 5 years after the assessment of self-enhancement.
In the laboratory study, individuals who exhibited a tendency to self-enhance displayed behaviors, independently judged, that seemed detrimental to positive social interaction. These results indicate there are negative short-term and long-term consequences for individuals who self-enhance and, contrary to some prior formulations, imply that accurate appraisals of self and of the social environment may be essential elements of mental health. Reading more onSelf-Evaluations
A Case Study about Importance of Interaction in Web-Based Education
Abstract: Though interaction is often billed as a significant component of successful online learning, empirical evidence of its importance as well as practical guidance or specific interaction techniques continue to be lacking. In response, this study utilizes both quantitative and qualitative data to investigate how instructors and students perceive the importance of online interaction and which instructional techniques enhance those interactions. Results show that instructors perceive the learner-instructor and learnerlearner interactions as key factors in high quality online programs.
While online students generally perceive interaction as an effective means of learning, they vary with regard to having more interaction in online courses. Such variations seem to be associated with differences in personality or learning style. The present study also shows that instructors tend to use technologies and instructional activities that they are familiar with or have relied on in traditional classroom settings. When it comes to learning more sophisticated technologies or techniques, instructors vary significantly in their usage of new approaches. Keep reading…
Abstract: Corporate reputation emerges from the images held by various publics of an organization. A positive reputation can result in a number of beneffcial consequences that ultimately facilitate better corporate performance. However, meaningful research can only result from measures of reputation that are psychometrically sound. A review of the empirical studies that employ a corporate reputation measure is undertaken and the role of the halo eect is considered. A case study of the beverage industry in Malta is used to describe a typical process for the development of an instrument to measure corporate reputation with the general public. Results are discussed and limitations are noted.
Introduction: Corporate and brand reputations are relevant to industrial buyers, consumer buyers as well as to stores and service firms including providers of professional services. Indeed, the latter `have long been concerned about developing and maintaining a high quality reputation. Research on corporate reputation is rooted in earlier work on corporate image, corporate identity and personality. Between the 1950s to the 1970s the focus was primarily on the image that external stakeholders held of a firm or store and the graphic design elements were central.
This case involved a personality clash between two senior employees who were working under a partnership arrangement. Both had joint responsibility for managing a team made up from practitioners from each organisation. The conflict between them was beginning to threaten the success of the partnership.
The mediators met with each party individually at the beginning of the day, and then facilitated a joint meeting in the afternoon. During the mediation, it became clear to the mediators that there were differing personal styles which contributed to the way the dispute had escalated. In addition there were “cultural” difference between the two organisations which was also impacting and causing misunderstandings.
Introduction: It is becoming clear that the changed conditions in the global marketplace demand a much more agile response from the organizations and their partners in the supply chain. The period when production was moved overseas, so business can take advantage of cheap labour is coming to an end, because fast fashion starts competing not only on price but also on time. According to Cai-feng (2009) product and technology life cycles are likely to continue to shorten, while demand will be increasingly difficult to forecast.
Decision about raw materials must be taken long in advance and still remain the most risky part of agile supply chain. Customer behaviourhas changed and nowadays buyers want to see frequently new stiles (Bruce and Dali, 2006). This is clearly result of the new buyers behaviour, clothes are not used anymore to protect body from cold, but to accompany a persona style and support aimed personality appearance (Caifeng, 2009). All these facts play a key role in the new relationship between ret ailers, suppliers and consumers..
We use the term ‘culture’ to describe the typical approach within an organisation. Culture refers to the personality of an organisation and the shared beliefs. It also encompasses the written and unwritten policies and procedures that determine the ways in which the organisation and its people behave and solve business problems.
You can quickly get a feel for the culture of an organisation just by looking around the company and talking to the people who work for it. For example, some organisations are very dynamic and its people are encouraged to take risks. Others are backward-looking and rarely take risks. Click here to read more…
Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia Inc. is a diversified media and merchandising company founded by Martha StewartFraud, lying, conspiracy…not terms that any individual generally wants associated with their history, nonetheless with their reputation and
personality; especially…..To refer this case study click here Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia
Berkshire Hathaway (Berkshire), a conglomerate having roughly 80 subsidiaries as of March 2011, and, which generated superior returns for shareholders, is a prime example of such blue chip entities. Berkshire was equally known for the famed personality of its head, Warren Buffett (Buffett), who believed in a hands-off style of management and gave unfettered freedom to the heads of the subsidiaries to operate their respective businesses the way they wanted, subject to the conglomerate’s reputation not being compromised. Buffett’s laissez-faire approach could be gauged from the fact that the conglomerate whose turnover for financial year 2010 was around US $136 billion had, as of April 2011, just 21 employees at its head office to administer its 257,000 employees. Click here to read more…
Summary: Vauxhall Trade Club is a trade parts programme selling genuine parts from Vauxhall dealers to the independent repairer. It is an established, successful and profitable programme operating for 20 years. In the previous year sales had remained static and research identified a need to change the way Trade Club was promoted, and move away from a price and discount-led proposition. At the time of the change (2010) there were a variety of challenges facing Vauxhall Trade Club, ranging from the economic climate to the speedy pace of change within the industry. Vauxhall wanted to move the focus away from price and competitive discounts on a few key products while re-establishing growth in market share…
Strategy: The team at Palmer Hargreaves worked with Vauxhall to develop a brand strategy to maximise Trade Club’s opportunities for growth and differentiation in a crowded marketplace. Using Palmer Hargreaves’ “3D” internal branding tool, including customer research, questionnaires and workshops it was established: what this long term strategy for Trade Club should be, what the customer looks like, what the current offer is, and potentially could be, what are the values and personality that would need to be developed, the competition, what is the at the core of all Trade Clubs actions… Find out more..