A Case Study about The Impact of Rewards on Employee Performance: Organisations
Introduction : Constant Changes occurring in the world today, especially with regards to technology and innovation, there is a need for companies to reassess the manner in which they communicate to both their employees and their customers. At the same time, there is also a need for these companies to organise the tasks at hand, design systems and processes, and re-evaluate and improve current management styles (Harmon, 2007). This is especially needed in areas where the competition is constantly increasing and consistently challenging.
Two of these industries are the banking industry and the hospitality industry (which the researcher shall discuss in detail in the following sections of this paper). In this chapter, the researcher shall provide a brief overview of the remaining sections of this paper, the aims and objectives of this research study, and its rationale. In addition, the researcher shall lso provide a conclusion summarizing what this chapter shall be about, which shall also be a recurring feature of succeeding chapters. Keep reading..
Abstract: A thorough appreciation of physical, social, interactional, and psychological contextual factors is crucial in the design of ubiquitous computing applications. This paper investigates the beneﬁts of a method called bodystorming for carrying out design sessions in the original context, ‘in the wild’, instead of the oﬃce. A location is selected that is identical or similar to the original environment. Innovation, carried out on-site, is based on ethnographically data presented as concrete design questions. Individual solutions to design questions are brainstormed and discussed on-site. Facets of data collection and preparation, formulation of design questions, selection of locations, session administration, and evaluation of design ideas are presented.
Introduction : During years of user-centered study, our research team has become aware of three consequential shortcomings. First, because studied activities are complex, documents representing this complexity, unless extremely carefully written, are long and complex. Without a substantial investment of time in studying documents, adequate understanding of context is not achieved within the design team. Second, because all documentation is based on interpretations of one individual, documents are inherently inaccurate or biased. As a researcher observes user activities, s/he already pays attention to some aspects while disregarding others. As observations are documented, meaningful interpretations are given and missing information is ﬁlled with prior knowledge about the phenomena. Keep reading…
Case Study about Tanzania and University of Dar es Salaam
Case Study reports in this series contain the detailed data and analysis for each country and university in the sample. Together, they form the empirical basisfor the analysis and discussion of findings contained in the CHET book, Universities and Economic Development in Africa, which was published in August 2011. While every effort has been made to check the data and edit the text in the time available, it should be noted that these case study reports have not been subjected to the publishing rigours of formally published publications. They are therefore made available ‘asis’.
This report reviews the international literature on the relationship between higher education and economic development. The review focuses on previous research and theory on the link between higher education and economic growth, the knowledge economy, innovation, and local and regional development. The review would be of interest to academics and students who work in the field of higher education studies. Keep reading…
Charities and social enterprises not only need revenue funding to cover day-to-day activities, but also capital investment – funding to cover cash flow fluctuations, to weather difficult periods or to invest in future growth. Most of charities’ income and expenditure goes directly on day-to-day activities, leaving them with little surplus to hold in reserves. This can leave charities fragile, unable to manage cash flow difficulties or to invest in innovation and development so that they may grow.
While there are many barriers to charities effecting social change, Venturesome believes that a lack of access to financial capital is a key constraint. Very little capital investment is available to charitable organisations. Grants are concentrated on revenue funding. At the other end of the spectrum, the banking market has historically lent very little to charities. Whilst there is evidence that the availability of bank lending is growing, such finance is only appropriate for a portion of the capital requirements of charities. Keep reading…
Abstract: The success of an innovative firm stimulates other organizations to follow suit in a competitive game of imitation. The aim of this article is to focus on the circumstances and underlying reasons favoring imitative strategies, while arranging the literature and empirical evidence on the issue. It is intended as a systematization of different contributions on this topic taken from different perspectives. We are convinced that such a comprehensive insight can be very useful to innovative companies as well.
The success of an innovative firm stimulates other organizations to follow suit in a competitive game of imitation. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive insight on the circumstances and underlying reasons of imitation strategies by rearranging the literature and empirical evidence on this issue. The imitation game we call parasite imitation takes place when the imitator follows the innovator’s lead by reproducing a similar, successful standard. This is facilitated when there are not many legal or awareness barriers to protect the innovation or when the barriers are weak or difficult to defend thus enabling quick imitation. keep reading…
Abstract: To relax the assumption that licensees have no bargaining power, which is prevalent in the licensing literature, the Rubinstein bargaining model is integrated with a duopoly licensing model in this paper. The licensor always licenses the best technology regardless of whether the technology advances are negotiated or solely determined by the licensor. Further, royalties prove to be the only payment method. Otherwise, the choice of the payment methods depends on the licensor’s market entry decision and firms’ bargaining powers in some cases.
Introduction: Innovation plays an essential role in economic development (Schumpeter, 1934). The institution of intellectual property is necessary to encourage innovation. Licensing is a popular way of acquiring existing technology, and licensing has become an important topic in the field of industrial organization since Arrow (1962). Payment methods, advances in licensed technology, and the market entry decisions under licensing, all considered in this paper, are important issues discussed in the literature. Keep reading..
Abstract. Bureaucracy and human creativity may be seen as the two extremes of a dimension when analyzing the continuous activity of organizations pursuing a goal or trying to achieve their objectives. The Bureaucracy occurs and develops only if the outcome of the organizational activity is beneficial to both the consumers and the suppliers, or else this “organizational technique” should be shrunk using a managerial system in order that performances match the requirements of an open and democratic society.
Introduction: Bureaucratic behavior prevails in most activity fields nowadays. The intensity of this behavior is differentiated between the private and the public sectors. Although there is little rationality in segmenting organizations as private vs. public, we may easily attribute the bureaucracy lead to the public sector, resulting in focusing the behavioral typology. Based on analysis, in this area we identified an organization system relying on strict rules, following the norm to the letter, excessive formalization, reduced innovation and relative change, all these aiming at an exact achievement of objectives.Keep reading..
Our world is increasingly interconnected and interdependent. Communications networks exchange information around the globe, creating new forms of collaboration and transforming the nature of work and learning. New areas of study develop to advance human knowledge and respond to the challenges of our changing world with insight and innovation.
These include areas that often combine or cross subjects or disciplines, such as space science, information management systems, alternative energy technologies, and computer art and animation. Students today face an unprecedented range of social, scientiﬁc, economic, cultural, environmental, political, and technological issues. To deal with these issues, they ﬁrst need competencies derived from discrete disciplines. Keep reading…
Study on Massachusetts Department of Early Education and Care
On July 1, 2005, Massachusetts became the first state in the nation to launch an , consolidated department with a primary focus on early childhood learning and care. This innovative governance structure had equal standing with the state’s Department of Education and Board of Higher Education.
The creation of the Department was viewed as an opportunity for Massachusetts “to lead the way in providing coordinated, cost-effective, high-quality early education and care.”…read ahead
Jhagadia Copper Limited (JCL) is the largest producer of LME Grade “A” Copper Cathodes in India using secondary smelting route. Experiencing productivity and eﬃciency loss due to excessive heating of refractory lining, the company approached TCS Innovation Labs – Tata Research Development and Design Centre (TRDDC) to address the problem.
Drawing from its prior experience in delivering model-based solutions towards energy eﬃcient steel reﬁning and gas ﬁred boiler operation: TRDDC delivered a unique solution for JCL’s complex copper smelting process. TRDDC proposed a model based optimization of JCL’s Kaldo furnace resulting in a new furnace operating regime.