Case Study about National Strategies for Sustainable Development: European Union
Introduction:~ The European Union (EU) is a union of 25 European countries, covering an area of 3,977,304 km² and a population of 446 million (112 inhabitants per km²). The Union is a somewhat unique entity – it can be considered a mixture of a federative state and a supranational institution. The Member States transferred partial sovereignty rights to the European Level in order to form a single common market, and nowadays also a common defence policy, but Member States remain to have the last responsibility for decision-making. Today, many different policies are subject of European regulation. Especially Environmental Policies of Member States are mainly shaped by European Environmental Law.
The GDP of the 15 Member States amounted in 2004 to US$ 10,422.2 billion (1995 exchange rates) with annual growth rates between 3.6 and 0.6 from 1994 to 2003 (OECD 2004). In 2002, the GDP per capita was 22,911 US$ based on PPS. It ranges from 8,400 US$ in Lithuania to 48,900 US$ in Luxemburg (OECD 2003, Eurostat 2004). By this, the Union constitutes the largest single market in the world. From 1999 onwards, a common currency, the Euro was introduced in the EU-15 stepwise, in 2002 the national currencies were given up with the exception of UK, DK, Sweden. The economic structure varies between the Member States; however, compared to many countries in the world, they are highly developed and industrialised countries with a small share of agriculture, an important share of industry in a great variety of sectors and a large and growing service sector. Keep reading..
A Case Study about Heavy Physical Work Under Time Pressure
Abstract: The increased generation of garbage has become a problem in large cities, with greater demand for collection services. The collector is subjected to high workload. This study describes the work in garbage collection service, highlighting the requirements of time, resulting in physical and psychosocial demands to collectors. Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA) – a method focused on the study of work in real situations was used. Initially, technical visits, global observations and unstructured interviews with different subjects of a garbage collection company were conducted. The following step of the systematic observations was accompanied by interviews conducted during the execution of tasks, inquiring about the actions taken, and also interviews about the actions, but conducted after the development of the tasks.
Introduction: In modern society, the increase in consumption was accompanied by increased generation of garbage. In the year 2006, at the city of Salvador , which had a population of 2,892,625 inhabitants, 1,373,322 tonnes of garbage were collected, 53% of which from domestic solid waste and street sweeping . This increasing production of garbage has become a problem in large urban centers, leading to increased demand for public garbage collection services. In such a system, the garbage collector is an important actor, and his body is turned into a tool used to carry garbage . In scientific literature about the garbage collector activity, the predominant focus is on workplace accidents and exposure to occupational hazards. Keep reading…
Case Study about Creating supportive environments for health: Renwick Project
Abstract: In Australia and the western world, obesity has become an epidemic, and is linked to chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. The majority of Australians do not undertake enough physical activity to reduce the risk of these chronic diseases. Planning originated out of concerns for the health of urban inhabitants, endorsing the movement of people away from the pollution and unsanitary conditions of the inner city. However, traditional car-dependent suburbs ironically provide few opportunities for physical activity. Today, planners and health professionals are collaborating to devise planning initiatives with the goal of getting people to walk and cycle more.
Introduction: This thesis examines the partnership between health and built environment professionals to devise plans for environments that promote physical activity. This thesis analyses a case study, the Renwick project, which involves a partnership between Landcom and the National Heart Foundation. The site is located in Mittagong, approximately 1½ hours from Sydney. The project implemented the National Heart Foundation’s Healthy by Design(HBD) guidelines in order to create an environmental plan which was supportive of health. This thesis critically analyses the Renwick project in terms of delivering HBD and in terms of the collaborative partnership which underpinned it. keep reading on Creating Supportive Environments for Health
Case Study about Public Private Partnerships in Africa
Executive Summary: Governments are looking to public-private partnerships (PPPs) to radically improve infrastructure networks in their countries and enhance service delivery to their people. They are hoping that this development finance model — where the state shares risk and responsibility with private firmsbut ultimately retains control of assets — will improve services, while avoiding some of the pitfalls of privatisation: unemployment, higher pricesand corruption.
In theory, PPPs may have the potential to solve sub-Saharan Africa’s profound infrastructure and service backlogs, where nearly 600 million people lack access to electricity, almost 300 million have no access to safewater1 and there are just eight telephones (either mobile or fixed line) per 100 inhabitants.2 But as this report shows, the record of PPPs in Africaover the last 15 years is mixed, the process is complex, and governments should not expect PPPs to be a ‘magic bullet’.
Challenge: The Regional Government of Castilla-La Mancha provides health, education, and administration services for 919 municipalities, 54 percent of which have less than 500 inhabitants. It employs around 30,000 healthcare workers, 30,000 educators, and 12,000 administrators. “This environment presents one of Spain’s most challenging demographics for delivering public services,” says Pedro-Jesus Rodriguez Gonzalez, Head of IT and Internet for Castilla-La Mancha.
“Although much of the population lives in five major cities, a significant portion of its citizens are widely dispersed.” As well as finding new and innovative ways to deliver public services, Castilla-La Mancha is constantly being challenged to “do more with less”. Despite shrinking budgets, it remains focused on ensuring social inclusion and equal opportunities for students and citizens, regardless of their place of residence…
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Company overview: Turkcell is Turkey’s leading GSM operator, with 27.9 million subscribers and 100% coverage of all towns with 5,000-plus inhabitants. As Europe’s fourth-largest GSM operator, Turkcell’s outstanding market coverage is matched by a global reputation for innovation. The company was the first to introduce convergent billing solutions in the GSM Association and in Turkey it has consistently been a market leader, introducing a range of new products and services.
Business challenge: With the drive towards privatization and deregulation gathering momentum, new operators have wasted no time entering the Turkish marketplace. 2005 saw a number of significant developments including the arrival of Vodafone and the purchase of a 55% stake in fixed-line operator Turk Telekom by a consortium which includes SaudiLebanese company Saudi Oger and Telecom Italia… Read more..
Executive Summary: While the countries of the Eastern-Central Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region have undergone dramatic political, economic and social changes since the dissolution of the Soviet and East Block 15 years ago, this has not yet translated into universally sustainable community water services. After a flurry of activity, the international private sector appears to be in retreat. Nor have private domestic companies emerged to fill the large gaps for management of and investment in water services.
Market Setting: The ECA region covers an immense area with great diversity in geography, cultures, religions and societies and is home to about 480 million inhabitants. Starting with the fall of the “iron curtain”, the ECA region continues to be in the midst of a significant socio – political – economic transition with repercussions at the local, regional and global levels. The business setting continues to develop in parallel with the ongoing governmental and institutional reforms of a region that now numbers 29 countries and can, in some circumstances, be unpredictable or even unstable. However, reform and stability are possible, as shown by the 8 ECA countries, which joined the European Union in 2004…
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Summary: The Basler Kantonalbank (BKB), bank of the Swiss canton Basel City, was looking for an output management solution that would enable them to provide their subsidiary company Bank Coop with one overview of all assets. The solution had to feature fast data processing, easy handling, and trouble-free integration. As the bank of the canton, the BKB is obliged by law to contribute to the performance of the economic and social duties of the canton. Among others, the organization’s tasks include satisfaction of the monetary and loan needs of the individual inhabitants and local industry.
Background: In the past, they generated single statements of securities that contained information on bonds and loans, shares, options, shares in a fund, derivatives, and more, in the different dealing currencies for their internal and external clients/customers. “The single statements of securities were unable to present a complete financial overview, and were therefore not very customerfriendly,” said Beat Egloff, Product Manager of IT with BKB. “Moreover, the statement of securitiesinformation content, size, and display were frequently points of criticism, and they did not meet the standard that is now required in the area of affluent banking. Keep reading
Abstract— Micro-credit became a new phenomenon in the present world due to its recognition of an efficient weapon to fight against poverty. A current investigation proved that, more than 1.3 billion inhabitants are struggling to earn a smaller amount one dollar ($1) a day where they are captivated by extreme shortage of basic needs such as; food, cloth, shelter, treatment and education…
Introduction: BANGLADESH is a densely populated country and the amount of population is 160.5 million with a density of 834 inhabitants in per squre killometre. Moreover, recurrent natural disaster such as flood, erosion and storm gives more trouble to the country. Hence, people are loosing their lives and shelter. Despite the frequeent natural catastrophe hit in the country, magnificient development have been witnessed. In 1990’s, poverty jump down from 57% to 40% and avarage GDP gtowth incresed over the last six year is 6%.
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Overview: Turku University Hospital is one of Finland’s five university hospitals. Located in Turku, the country’s oldest city, its main role is to provide health services to the 435,000 inhabitants of the south west of Finland. In addition, it offers highly specialized services such as cardiac surgery and neurosurgery to other regions.
Challenges: Providing services to so many patients inevitably means the accumulation of large numbers of patient record files. By the beginning of 2003, the hospital was storing 24 million pages of paper in its patient files. “The files were taking up too much storage space. And retrieving the files was taking too long: 5 days on average. Also, files and papers were sometimes mislaid,” explains Yrjö Koivusalo, Chief Information Officer at Turku University Hospital. Click here to read more…