A Case Study about Transnational Voluntary Standards to Local Practices: Forest Certification in Russia
Abstract: In this paper, I discuss how local actors translate transnational voluntary standards of responsible natural resource management into on-the-ground practices in domestic settings. Building on an extensive study of forest certiﬁ cation in Russia, I argue that implementation is not a straightforward execution of transnational rules imposed by powerful transnational actors – e.g., international NGOs, multinationals, governments or consumers. Rather, local actors negotiate the ways in which transnational standards are implemented locally in both formal and informal settings, and thereby settle political conﬂ icts over natural resource management and construct new knowledge related to standard implementation and good natural resource management.
Introduction: This research analyzes how local activists and enterprises translate transnational voluntary standards for the responsible use of natural resources into on-the-ground practices in a context of non-advanced industrial countries. The literature on market-driven forms of transnational private governance, such as certiﬁ cation and labeling, assumes that once standards are adopted, they will translate into improvements in enterprises’ practices where necessary, and that practices can therefore be read off the standards. However, it overlooks two important social processes which take place at the local level in multi-level governance systems and which condition the implementation of transnational standards: These processes are stakeholder interest negotiation and collective learning, deﬁ ned as new knowledge building. Keep reading…
Case Studies about Financial Management System of the University at Buffalo, SUNY
Introduction: The University at Buffalo is engaged in intense competition for outstanding students and faculty. Today, the University at Buffalol (UB) is making strides in its quest to become a world-class university, as indicated by its performance in the top American Research Universities 2002.UB is ranked in the top 26-50 US public and private research universities with all of the nine indicators in the 26 – 50 range (number of doctorates awarded, national rank 40).
When compared only to other public research universities, UB has five measures in the top 26 – 50 range: Total research expenditures (control rank 34), federal research expenditures (control rank 35) endowment assets (control rank 30) doctorates granted (control rank 26), and postdoctoral appointees (control rank 33).Compared to a year ago, the University at Buffalo has posted improvements in three of he nine indicators. UB showed decreases in the remaining six indicators. keep reading…
Case Study about Life Expectancy of Home Components
Introduction: The life expectancies of the components of a home depend on the quality of installation, the level of maintenance, weather and climate conditions, and the intensity of use. Some components may remain functional but become obsolete due to changing styles and preferences or improvements in newer products while others may have a short life expectancy due to intensive use. The average life expectancy for some components has increased during the past 35 years because of new products and the introduction of new technologies, while the average life of others has declined. NAHB’s last such study on the life expectancy of housing components was published in Housing Economics in August 1993.
In the summer of 2006, NAHB conducted a comprehensive telephone survey of manufacturers, trade associations and researchers to develop information about the longevity of housing components. Many of the people interviewed emphasized that the life expectancy of housing components is greatly affected by the quality of maintenance. They also noted that changing consumer preferences can result in products being replaced long before — or after — the end of their practical life expectancy. Keep reading…
Overview: Southwood School experienced increased employee turnover, and as a result, a higher level of recruitment activity. This case explores the recruitment and selection strategies used by the school. The ﬁ rst part of the case study introduces the system that was initially used and concludes by identifying some of the system’s weaknesses. The second part of the case study discusses the improvements that were made following a system review by the HR manager.
Recruitment: For many years, Southwood relied on a single recruitment method: to advertise all teaching positions in a specialist newspaper publication called TES (Times Educational Supplement). Basic advertisements were placed in this publication one time, and interested candidates were instructed to contact the school to request an application package. Keep reading..
Case Study about Travel Time Reliability in Regional Transportation Planning
Abstract: Travel time reliability is an important measure of congestion and can serve as baseline for prioritizing improvements into a region’s transportation system. This paper begins with a literature review of travel time reliability and its value as a congestion measure. It then presents the methodology and results of a content analysis of twenty regional transportation plans from across the nation. This analysis concludes that travel time reliability is not currently used as a congestion measure, and that the most common measures of congestion were the volume-to-capacity ratio, vehicle hours of delay, and average speed. The paper then uses data from Portland, Oregon to provide a case study for how to prioritize roadways according to travel time reliability measures.
Introduction: Transportation planning has traditionally been structured in three distinct and interdependent steps: 1) evaluation of the current transportation system, 2) projection of future usage of the transportation system, and 3) identification and prioritization of investments into the transportation system based on current measures and projections of future usage (1). Planners have followed these steps to engage in the systematic creation and updating of transportation plans within federal, state, regional, and local governments. In both the first and the third steps, planners use measures of congestion, accessibility, mobility, connectivity, and safety to evaluate the transportation system’s health and determine where future investments are needed. This paper will take a close look at how measures of congestion are used in that evaluation and will suggest that the addition of travel time reliability measures to the ones currently in use can result in a better understanding of the transportation system. Keep reading…
Case Study about Perspective Service Knowledge and Technology Transfer Model of Intra-Firm in IC Industry
Abstract: The paper presents a perspective on service knowledge and technology transfer model of intra-firm. This study is based on one Europe international firm for case study exploring how building up service knowledge and technology transfer model in the IC firm. The technology transfer methodology and the performance were investigated. Based on an in depth evaluation of the project setup and a lessons learned workshop after the project, improvements to the project setup are proposed. The IC firm extends semiconductor manufacturing sites (wafer fabs) for rapidly growing IC market.
Introduction: The integrated circuit(IC) market keeps on growing in current, which in turn requires continues extension of semiconductor manufacturing sites (wafer fabs). International IC companies built new fabs and have to technology transfer to the new manufacture factory. This leads to the research problem: How building up an intra-firm technology transfer model across international borders. The purpose of this study is to propose an efficient technology transfer model for international company to do intra-firm production process and technology transfer in IC industries. This study conducts by performing a case study on a recent technology transfer. Figure 1 is showing current technology transfer flow chart of the case firm. Keep reading…
Study for Varieties of Knowledge and Skill-based Pay Design
Introduction: A number of lines of research (e.g., National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future, 1996; Slavin & Fashola, 1998; Wright, Horn, & Sanders, 1997; Bembry, Jordan, Gomez, Anderson, & Mendro, 1998; Ferguson & Ladd, 1996) have identified teacher instructional capacity as a key variable in the success of educational reforms in improving student achievement. For the past two years, the Consortium for Policy Research in Education has been studying a new form of teacher compensation that may have the potential to support improvements in the capacity of teachers to deliver instruction that would enable all children to achieve to high academic standards
As well as to respond to the growing public concern that there be some link between teacher salaries and teacher performance. This innovation — knowledge and skillbased pay — rewards teachers with base pay increases and/or bonuses for acquiring and demonstrating specific knowledge and skills needed to meet educational goals, such as improving student achievement. Keep reading…
Case Study about Business Processes Improvement: large Croatian companies
Abstract: In this paper the successfulness of the implementation of business processes’ improvements is analyzed from the aspect of influencing factors which manifest themselves in employees’ engagement, gained experience methodology adequacy and implementation factors. The research, conducted on 73 large Croatian companies (15,9% of state’soverall large companies population), has partially confirmed the existence of relationship between the programs of business processes’ improvements and business performances, between organizational variables and business performances as well as between the programs of business processes’ improvements and organizational variables.
Introduction: Contemporary company is exposed to the influence of highly competitive market and therefore in order to survive and progress it permanently needs to improve its ways of doing business. In this context a crucial is the role of its business processes’ improvements (BPIs), through which company influences on shortening of mentioned processes’ duration time and on reduction of the amount of money employed in various forms of stocks. All this at the end influences the cost reduction by which company increases its competitive capability. This understanding is not new at all, but with Hammer and Champy’s (1993) reaffirmation of business processes approach in the lat decade of 20th century. Keep reading…
Case Study about Job Satisfaction of Knowledge Workers in Croatian Companies
Abstract: This paper deals with two important topics for every organization: job satisfaction and knowledge workers. Job satisfaction is a work attitude which describes how happy an individual is with his or her job. Job satisfaction determines the behaviour of employees, it defines their individual performances, and by that it affects the functioning of the organization and determines the organizational performance. High level of job satisfaction is a product of competent and efficient management. Knowledge workers as second topic of this paper represents workers whose main capital is knowledge. They have ability to create innovations, new solutions and improvements. They are generators of companies’ growth and development. In literature, there is a lack of papers which are focused on job satisfaction of knowledge workers, so the results of the empirical research of this paper give a significant contribution to this very important theme.
Introduction: The inspiration of this paper lies in interest for two important issues. The first one is job satisfaction which is as work attitude very often analyzed and investigated. Job satisfaction represents the important element of organizational behavior which determinates individual and organizational performance. The managers are very interested in job satisfaction because they perceive the high level of job satisfaction among their employees as their own success so they will use many organizational techniques in order to improve it. Enhanced job satisfaction will provide benefits to workers because their individual performance will be increased and consequently their variable pays; managers will be perceived as good leaders; and organization will experience enlarged performances and be more successful. All these reasons support the fact that job satisfaction need to be explored and analyzed. keep reading…
A Case Study about Solar PV System Adoption and the Renewable Energy
When acquiring a Standard Offer Contract and completing the installation and grid connection of one’s solar PV system, the most significant challenges encountered by consumers included: flawed installation processes due to a lack of experienced retailers, a lengthy and cumbersome application process required by the RESOP, and overly bureaucratic and cumbersome grid connection processes were encountered by almost every consumer in the adoption process.
The emergence of co-operative purchasing groups appears to have minimized the negative experiences encountered by study participants. Furthermore, despite the myriad of challenges encountered by consumers throughout the execution phase, improvements have been found within retailers and the RESOP application process. Finally, with the exception of continuing administrative fees charged by certain LDCs, once their solar PV system is operating and they are receiving payments from the OPA, consumers are generally content.