Study about Hill Area Development Programme In Assam And West Bengal
Executive Summary:~ The Hill Area Development Program (HADP) has been introduced by the Government of India to initiate socio economic development in the hill areas of India since the inception of the Fifth Five Year Plan. The main objective of this program is to ensure „sustainable‟ development of hill areas, keeping in view the basic needs of the hill people and generating ample livelihood options for the local community. With the progress of the Five Year plans, the focus has been shifting to preservation of biodiversity and rejuvenation of hill ecology.The major objectives of the current evaluation study was to understand the approach and strategy for the implementation of HADP and analyze the „impact‟ of the program in the two districts of Assam, namely Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills and the district of Darjeeling in West Bengal.
The broad objectives of HADP of balancing development and eco-preservation such that sustainable development is ensured in districts of Assam and West Bengal have only recently gained momentum in the appropriate direction. This is primarily because the HADP guidelines in the initial stages of the Five Year plans did not emphasize on ensuring protection of biodiversity and maintaining ecological balance. As late as the Tenth Plan, the objectives lacked clear specifications on preservation issues and how the programs need to be restructured for bringing forth sustainability in the states. A major shift in the policy making took place when the watershed development approach was highlighted for implementation of HADP in the 11th Plan. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Universal Elementary Education in India
The Government of India is deeply committed to achieving a universal elementary education (UEE) of satisfactory quality by 2010. Indeed, the 86th constitutional amendment makes elementary education a fundamental right for every child in India. European Commission funding for a nationwide programme launched by the Government of India is helping to implement a comprehensive approach to improving and developing an education system capable of offering 8 years of quality elementary schooling to all children.
Classrooms were filled with young children eager to learn. The Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternate Schools classrooms seem more democratic and in a perpetual state of flux…there was no furniture to restrict movement or establish authority. Girls and boys sit together in small circles…and teachers are literally on their feet, flitting from group to group and maintaining personal contact with the children…In the multigrade situation the teachers seemed to somehow handle the pressure of catering to children with different needs…The children too were comfortable pursuing tasks in consultation with each other as opposed to being monitored by the teacher. Read more…
Executive Summary: Impact Assessment Study of Socio-Economic Development Programmes in Himachal Pradesh, sponsored by the Planning Commission, Government of India has been conducted by Asia pacific Socio-Economic Research Institute, New Delhi from December 1999 to February 2000. 2. For socio-economic development of the country – a cherished goal before the planners since the launch of the First Five Year Plan – development strategy has undergone important adaptations in successive Plans reflecting both changing conditions and fresh experiences.
‘Trickle Down Theory’ of the first two decades of planned development was replaced by direct interventionist policy for target oriented groups. Expansion of employment opportunities was found necessary for poverty alleviation and effective utilization of human resources for economic and social development. Keep reading..
Coal allocation scam or Coalgate, as referred by the media, is a political scandal concerning the Indian government’s allocation of the nation’s coal deposits to public sector entities (PSEs) and private companies. In a draft report issued in March 2012, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) office accused the Government of India of allocating coal blocks in an inefficient manner during the period 2004–2009. Over the Summer of 2012, the opposition BJP lodged a complaint resulting in a Central Bureau of Investigation probe into whether the allocation of the coal blocks was in fact influenced by corruption.
Historically, the economy of India could be characterized as broadly socialist, with the government directing large sectors of the economy through a series of five-year plans. In keeping with this centralised approach, between 1972 and 1976, India nationalised its coal mining industry, with the state-owned companies Coal India Limited (CIL) and Singareni Collieries Company (SCCL) being responsible for coal production.read more Indian Coal Allocation Scam
Case Study on Public Private Partnership Projects in India
Disclaimer: This Compendium of Case Studies has been prepared as a part of a PPP capacity building programme that is being developed by the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India (DEA) with funding support from the World Bank, AusAID South Asia Region Infrastructure for Growth Initiative and the Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF). A consulting consortium, consisting of Economic Consulting Associates Limited (ECA) and CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited (CRIS), commissioned by the World Bank, has prepared this compendium based on extensive external consultations.
Overview: This compendium presents case studies of fifteen select Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) projects in India. The case studies have been prepared to highlight the experience and lessons learnt so far and thereby influence the design of future PPP processes and structures to improve the quality of PPP projects. The choice of case studies provides a representation across different sectors, covers different PPP project structures, includes projects at different stages of the PPP life-cycle and has projects with different levels of complexity.
Introduction: India’s leading Financial Groups, India Infoline (IIFL), a broking firm, is growing at a very rapid pace thereby building a massive transactional load in the system. The key challenges included handling the large volumes of data during peak hours maintaining efficient transaction turnaround times without increasing storage requirement exponentially.
Situation: The India Infoline (IIFL) group, comprising the holding company, India Infoline Limited and its subsidiaries, is one of the leading players in the Indian financial services space. IIFL offers advice and execution platform for the entire range of financial services covering products ranging from equities and derivatives, commodities, wealth management, asset management, insurance, fixed deposits, loans, investment banking, Government of India bonds and other small savings instruments..
Abstract: The case study looks at the issues relating to the disinvestment of Bharat Aluminum Company (BALCO) by the Government of India (GOI). It discusses the incidents, which surfaced after the GOI’s decision to reduce its stake in BALCO to 49% and sell the majority holding to Sterlite Industries. In February 2001, when GOI announced the dis-investment deal of BALCO, hell broke loose. The opposition parties vehemently opposed the move and accused the government of selling BALCO for a price, which was far below its actual value. There was also stiff resistance from Government of Chhatisgarh, as well as the workers of BALCO who went on a strike opposing the deal. Click here to read more…
Introduction: The public sector in India was the creation of the Industrial Policy adopted by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Immediately after independence, the Government of India decided to industrialize the country, and took the lead and directly invested in various sectors. Private sector was not in a position to mobilize the kind of capital required to industrialize a vast country like India. Therefore planned development was thought as an alternative to the problem. India adopted a mixed economic development model, partially based on the Soviet model of central planning and resource mobilization.
Evolution of Disinvestment Policy: During the early 1990s, the fiscal deficit increased, external debt was heavy and there was inflationary pressure. The collapse of the Soviet Union was one of the most significant psychological blow to the ideological positions of the hardcore votaries of public sector. All these things culminated into the new thinking on the concept, utility and purpose of PSUs and new policy on public sector was announced in 1991. Various committees like Rangarajan Committee – in April 1993 – recommended measures to disinvest the holdings of the government in the public sector. Click here to read more…
Abstract: The caselet explains how Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Government of India undertakings, developed Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) for use in the Indian elections. How these machines increased the efficiency of the Indian electoral process and how the general public accepted these innovative machines are also dealt with. A comparative study is made of the Indian EVMs and the voting machines used in USA. Click here to read more…
India’s Meteorological Department (IMD) describes India’s climate in a report by the Government of India Ministry of Earth Science India Meteorological Department. “India is home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north, where elevated regions receive sustained winter snowfall. The nation’s climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. The Himalayas act as a barrier to the frigid katabatic winds flowing down from Central Asia keeping the bulk of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. India Environment & Natural Resources