A Study about Oakland Pedestrian Master Plan and Space Syntax Model
Context and Background:~ A safe and accessible street network for all ages and all abilities is a key component to creating a livable community. People need to feel safe, both from traffic accidents or hazards, and also from crime. Well designed streets can improve the safety of a neighborhood in both areas. An environment in which people are comfortable using the streets helps build community, prevent crime by adding “eyes on the street”, and facilitates a lively atmosphere.
Designing streets and intersections that are accessible to all ages and ability levels, such as the elderly, children, and people with disabilities, ensures safety, opportunities for physical activity, and a pleasant pedestrian experience for everyone. The vision of the Pedestrian Master Plan is to promote a pedestrian-friendly environment where public spaces, including streets and off-street paths, offer a level of convenience, safety and attractiveness to the pedestrian that will encourage and reward the choice to walk. Keep reading…
In 2002, the project was approved for financing by the French Fuel Cell Research and Innovation Network (PACo: Réseau Pile A Combustible). This network was created by the French Research Department in 1999 to increase the development and dissemination of fuel cells. It has been replaced in 2005 by PAN-H (Plan d’Actions National sur l’Hydrogène et les piles à combustible).
The EPACOp project is co-financed by four regional delegations (Nord Pas-de-Calais, Lorraine, Limousin and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur) of the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME, Agence Gouvernementale de l’Environnement et de la Maitrïse d’Energie). Keep reading…
A Case Study about School Leadership for Systemic Improvement in Finland
This report is part of a larger OECD study exploring school leadership policy issues. It aims to provide analysis on the particular Finnish approach to school leadership for systemic improvement that contributes to their educational success. In a decentralised environment, Finnish municipalities are developing different approaches to school leadership distribution and cooperation to respond to pressures brought about by declining school enrolments and resources.
Their reforms are geared to improve schooling for local children in a new environment by ensuring that principals are responsible for their own schools but also for their districts, and that there is shared management and supervision as well as evaluation and development of education planning. But this report goes beyond this remit and also explores key features at the heart of Finland‟s education miracle. The report begins with an introduction, provides some theoretical background for understanding systemic leadership and its impact, and then analyses the key Finnish context and features that make for successful schooling outcomes. It continues with a review of their systemic leadership approaches and provides a discussion of lessons learned and some recommendations on how these approaches can be made sustainable in Finland. keep reading…
Study about Impact Assessment and the Triple Bottom Line: Competing Pathways to Sustainability
Introduction: The Triple Bottom Line (TBL) is a concept that has received official imprimatur as a framework for encouraging institutional concern about sustainability. But is it achieving its goal? Although initially intended as a philosophy or way of thinking about sustainability, akin to the concept of corporate social responsibility, it has become simply a mechanism for accounting and reporting. TBL is inherently limited in what it has to offer, and is promulgated by proponents who are largely ignorant of other approaches. Although TBL is meant to add social and environment to the equation, it is often championed by people who have little understanding of what the social entails.
This paper argues that the concept of TBL is not fundamentally different to the well established field of impact assessment, but that impact assessment and, in particular, the field of social impact assessment (SIA), have much more to offer in terms of accumulated experience and understanding, and a professional and theoretical base. The paper, therefore, is critical of TBL, not because the author is opposed to sustainability or the need to think about social and environmental, as well as economic, criteria, or the need for corporate social responsibility—far from it—but rather because the originators of TBL and its current advocates seem to be ignorant of the field of impact assessment. It is argued that impact assessment, and specifically social impact assessment, offers far more to those concerned about social justice and human welfare than does TBL. Keep reading..
A Case Study about Sense of Belonging: A Vital Mental Health Concept
Sense of belonging is a concept that has not been researched in psychiatric nursing practice. Using a concept-analysis strategy proposed by Waker and Avant, the authors present a detaiied description of the concept that evoived horn a series of inductive and deductive strategies.
Sense of belonging is defined as the experience of personal involvement in a system or environment so that persons feel themselves to be an integral part of that system or environment. Sense of belonging has important appticabiiity for clinical use as weii as contin- ued theory development in psychiatric nursing. Keep reading…
A Case Study about People Participation in Community Development: Planned Village Settlement in Malaysia
Abstract: In this study, the people’s participation in community development activities is viewed as a process by which individuals are involved in initiating, deciding, planning, implementing and managing the group and its activities. It is also a process of social development in which people, as subjects in their own environment, seek out ways to meet their collective needs and expectations and to overcome their common problems. In pursuing this collective action, the self-help and mutual-help spirit that underlies the Asian traditional community spirit of working, helped to hasten the achievement of these shared interests through group-based-activities.
Introduction: Participation is a dynamic process. Hence, it is difficult to predict or even to quantify using a standard ‘measurement’. Participation is rather molded by, and originates from, individuals’ experiences in participating. As such, the qualitative-ethnographic approach employed in this study was able to assist in understanding the process of people’s participation in community development activities. This approach has also helped to deepen the knowledge about participation itself. This was not achieved merely by putting ‘participation’ into a measurable variable that can be operationalized into four quantifiable aspects, i.e. decision making, implementing, benefit sharing and evaluation. Keep reading…
Consumers are facing drastic changes in their behavior, markets are facing drastic changes in their functioning, companies are facing drastic changes in their environment…What about Marketing? Is marketing changing at the pace that the current situation demands? The answer is…
Going “Green” is a mission of many companies around the globe not just for reasons of environmental responsibility, but also for cutting costs in these extremely tight economic times. Green IT efforts represent a specific focus area within enterprises that hold attention to this trend. Green IT leverages information technology to streamline operations, cut costly waste, and reduce the impact on the environment. IT typically consumes only about 10% of an organization’s energy costs, but the net effect of a Green IT project is to go beyond just energy saving. To tackle the other 90%, a Green IT project extends into a variety of other departments, and to execute such an endeavor requires an effective project management function in order to identify and prioritize goals. A Green IT transformation can be a complex process.
This case study explores the use of the HostedDatabase.com Project Management web application for managing a Green IT project that insures good environmental stewardship. In the process, we’ll outline many of the contemporary tasks included in such an effort. We’ve also set up a demo application that you’re welcome to run and explore. With the demo you can get some ideas about how you might structure your own Green IT project for your company. Click here to read more…
Case Study about Lateral Stability of Structures Innovative Capstone
Introduction: Construction managers and contractors need a basic understanding of an engineer’s environment and how a structure behaves. They must be capable of dealing with technical questions at the job site including structural issues that sometimes are not addressed by the design professionals (Chini, 1995).
Since the safety of construction workers and the strength and stability of structures during the construction phase is of utmost importance, construction managers, superintendents need this knowledge. American Council for Construction Education (ACCE) governs construction education in United States. According to ACCE (2000) guidelines. Keep reading..
A Case Study about Economic Appraisal of Local Walking and Cycling Routes
Summary: The sustainable transport charity Sustrans has taken the Government’s own methods of assessing the economic benefits of transport schemes and applied them to a number of local walking and cycling routes. The results show them to have a benefit to cost ratio of 20:1. This is in stark contrast to the typical ratio of just 3:1 for other transport schemes such as rail and roads. Sustrans’ analysis shows how money spent on creating the right environment to encourage more walking and cycling could result in massive cost savings for the Treasury and major benefits to public health.
Background: During 2005, Sustrans, the Institute for Transport Studies at Leeds University, and the University of Bolton, produced guidance notes for the economic appraisal of cycling and walking schemes on behalf of the Department for Transport (DfT). The guidance is consistent with the government’s New Approach to Transport Appraisal suite of tools, and is intended to form part of the DfT’s WebTAG series which advises on methods of economically appraising transport schemes. Sustrans’ involvement in the process came about following a request by the DfT to conduct an appraisal of a proposed programme of walking and cycling schemes linking communities to schools the charity had carried out during the summer of 2004.