Case Study about Integrated Assessment: Shell Canada
Introduction: This paper presents a case study of an Integrated Assessment (IA) that took place in Alberta, Canada. The purpose is to present some innovative elements of the study and key lessons on integration that may help practitioners and project proponents improve the practice of integrated assessment in the future. .
The NFT project was sited about 20 km by road from the community of Chipewyan Lake, a small and traditional Aboriginal community (population approximately 90) whose residents are virtually all members of the Bigstone Cree First Nation. The community has little employment, and is located about 130 km by road from the nearest town. The majority of residents combine traditional livelihoods (e.g., hunting, trapping, fishing) with participation in wage-based economic activities (e.g., seasonal oil and gas and forestry employment). Because the biophysical environment plays a central role in socio-economic and cultural life, and because little other economic opportunity exists, there was a large potential for the NFT project and any subsequent commercial development to significantly impact lives and livelihoods in both positive and negative ways. Keep reading….
A Case Study on Simplified Approach for Equitable Distribution of an Award in a Wrongful Death Action
Abstract: This paper outlines one approach to an equitable distribution of an award to the survivors (including parents, husband, and children) of a woman killed in a vehicular accident. The notion of equity almost implies one or more arbitrary elements, but the model has the advantage of making those elements explicit. Specifically, the cost of raising the children is determined and that amount awarded to the husband. Then, the court need only determine two parameters: p–the size of the award to the each parent relative to that for the husband and q–the award to each child relative to that for the husband. The model also provides that each child’s share has equal purchasing power at the age of majority. Given an award amount and the ages of the children, alternative values of the parameters p and q could be used to provide the court with a set of alternative award structures.
The Problem: Consider a hypothetical set of survivors, including the parents of the deceased, the surviving husband, and four children who have received an award that is to be divided as per the court directive mentioned above. It was assumed that each would be dependent on his/her father to age 21. Thus, the first step is to determine the amount to be awarded to the father to cover the cost of raising the children to age 21. Using data on “estimated annual expenditures on a child by single parent families” as shown in Table 1,4 5 an inflation rate of 2.5 percent, and a discount rate of 6.0 percent, these costs are projected annually and then discounted back to present value. In the example used in the next section, the ages of the children are 9, 12, 15, and 18. As shown in Table 2, the present value cost of raising these children is $228,953. Obviously, this is a straightforward exercise that is done routinely by forensic economists. Keep reading…
A Study about Cognitive Biases Affect the Acceptance of Tradeoff
Summary: tradeoff studies involving human subjective calibration and data updating are often distrusted by decision makers. A review of objectivity and subjectivity in decision making conﬁrms that prospect theory is a good model for actual human decision making. Relationships between tradeoff studies and the elements of experiments in judgment and decision making show that tradeoff studies are susceptible to human cognitive biases. Examples of relevant biases are given. Knowledge of these biases should help give decision makers more conﬁdence in tradeoff studies
Introduction: tradeoff studies provide a rational method for improving choice among alternatives. tradeoff studies involve a quantitative consideration of all aspects of the decision, considering all evaluation criteria of the alternatives simultaneously. Without tradeoff studies, humans usually consider alternatives serially, and often ﬁxate on one or a few less-than-optimal criteria. Read more onTradeoff.
A Case Study Report on the Implementation of Key Performance Indicators
Introduction: A starting point that institutions considering the use of KPIs would already have in place the main elements of the governance framework and strategic planning processes appropriate for this. This is generally true as a sector-wide assumption, but the experience of this project shows that the particular governance structures, culture, and practices in each institution can have a significant bearing on the timing and the way that KPIs are introduced and used.
Where institutions are still developing and implementing aspects of their governance framework and planning processes, the introduction of KPIs will have to take account of these issues, and may not be the first priority. For others, the experience of working on KPIs may suggest changes they need to make in other aspects of their governance arrangements, and it may make sense to address these before KPIs can fully be implemented. Keep reading…
A Case Study about the Interior Architecture Design Studio
Abstract: The most commonly used space in architectural education is the studio, which functions both as a learning centre and as a complex social organization. The behavioural elements in the design studio are analysed with respect to the social processes of environmental psychology; namely privacy, personal space, territoriality and crowding. A case study was conducted to evaluate the di¡erences between the desired and actual condi- tions of a design studio in the Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design at Bilkent University.
Introduction: The aim of this study was to carry out empirical re-search through a case study on privacy regulationsin the design studio, which is the most widely used space in a design education institute. The privacy dimensions of the users of a design studio were measured in relation to the social processes of en- vironmental psychology, namely, personal space, ter- ritoriality, and crowding. It was important to put forward the occupants’ understanding of these con- cepts in order to understand their expectations re- lating to these behavioural elements. Keep reading…
Study about Performance Evaluation at Human Resource Department: Public Hospital
Abstract: The importance of the study comes firstly in terms of practical evaluation as it plays a vital role in assessing of employees performance in general and hospitals in particular. It reflects the statements of employees performance effects in succession of the hospital, the main elements of importance is evaluation to extent the increasing the productivity of workers and there compatibility between objectives of the Group itself and the goals of the health institution as hall. As for the study sample a random sample was exploiting of 60 employees in various departments. A questionnaire survey was distributed consisted of 60 questionnaire was distributed and retrieved 54 consisted of 90%.valid for analysis.
Introduction: It’s difficult to judge performance as on how it’s running without having many certain governor bodies of certain standards which able us to evaluate them according to common procedures. We make our judgments on the ambit of validity and integrity of these continue application to follow up these progress, whether it can be (Score) by a particular standard or through some one or a person representing these certain standard.Organizations as in general needs to obtain an on going assessment process of working towards achieving its set of goals and thus targets cant be achieved only and unless it has a lessons from previous experience learnt ,orprevious gaps of planning procedures that was not accomplished its missions particularly in employees performance . Keep reading…
Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. The purpose of this paper is to guide the novice researcher in identifying the key elements for designing and implementing qualitative case study research projects. An overview of the types of case study designs is provided along with general recommendations for writing the research questions, developing propositions, determining the “case” under study, binding the case and a discussion of data sources and triangulation. To facilitate application of these principles, clear examples of research questions, study propositions and the different types of case study designs are provided.
>Introduction: To graduate students and researchers unfamiliar with case study methodology, there is often misunderstanding about what a case study is and how it, as a form of qualitative research, can inform professional practice or evidence-informed decision making in both clinical and policy realms. Click here to read more…
Case Study about Application of Idea Generating Approach: Fashion Design
Abstract: This research conducted a case study that focused on an idea generating process from fashion design that investigated the idea generating processes of an outstanding student in a fashion design contest (i.e. Fuse 2006) which was held in Taiwan. Meanwhile, an in-depth analysis of the idea generating approaches applied to problem solving as well as the idea generating results of the winning student was provided. The participant was a student at a University Department of Fashion Design and Management. Below is the conclusion: 1) Idea generating method: Object exploration was major approach most frequently applied by the student at the fashion design contest, 2) Original idea screening method: The student picked out feasible ideas by herself. On this basis, it was discussed how these findings may influence the idea generating, and considered how to facilitate the progression from designing programming approaches.
Introduction: Fashion design is one of the most oversubscribed subjects in higher education . Important tasks in fashion design are to generate and refine design alternatives, and then to select a single design or a set of designs, to fulfill a particular need. For designers, developing ideas is the most difficult part of the creative process. Understanding the activities and output of the idea-generation process is the key to effective idea generation [2-3]. Successful fashion designers must maintain an open mind to acquire elements and ideas that will inspire the new clothing line for the latest season; moreover, the works of fashion design allows people to see the designers’ thinking process, to track their thoughts and the sources of their ideas . Thus, paying more attentions to the activities and management of the idea generation is important for fashion designers. Unfortunately, only a few techniques are available for specific support of idea generation activities in fashion design education.
Introduction: The purpose of this guide is to provide an introduction to the concept of human factors in healthcare and provide suggestions of how its elements can be applied by individuals and teams working to improve patient safety. It aims to build awareness of the importance of human factors in making changes to improve patient safety.
Background: Human factors encompass all those factors that can influence people and their behaviour. In a work context, human factors are the environmental, organisational and job factors, and individual characteristics which influence behaviour at work.Every day in the NHS, tens of thousands of patients are treated safely by dedicated healthcare professionals who are motivated to provide high quality and safe clinical care. For the vast majority of patients, the treatment they receive alleviates or improves their symptoms and is a positive experience.
Case Study about Reliability Analysis for Flexible Electronics
Flexible electronics fabricated on thin-ﬁlm, lightweight, and bendable substrates (e.g., plastic) have great potential for novel applications in consumer electronics such as ﬂexible displays, e-paper, and smart labels; however, the key elements, namely thin-ﬁlm transistors (TFTs), for implementing ﬂexible circuits often suffer from electrical instability. Therefore, thorough reliability analysis is critical for ﬂexible circuit design to ensure that the circuit will operate reliably throughout its lifetime.
Introduction: To meet the great demand for lightweight, portable, and low-cost consumer electronic products, revolutionary manufacturing processes such as ink-jet printing and reel-to-reel imprinting are now emerging as alternatives to billion-dollar conventional fabrication foundries [Boehm et al. 2006; Burns et al. 2005]. Flexible electronics, which have emerged from these low-cost and high-volume manufacturing methods, recently have attracted much attention because of their great potential to provide the foundation for novel consumer electronics applications such as ﬂexible displays.