Case Study about Expatriation in Europe: Factors and Insights
Abstract: Much of today’s academic literature on expatriation and the process of managing expatriates comes from North American researchers and aims to explain the process in North American multinational companies. However, in recent years, there has been increasing interest and research into International Human Resource Management in Europe, as a result of globalization and market integration. This paper examines past and current expatriation processes and practices in Europe. Special attention is devoted to comparisons and contrasts to patterns found in North America.
Introduction: Regardless of whatever local political, economical or socio-cultural situations and boundaries may exist, the globalization of world businesses marches on. Increasing integration and globalization has led to a number of terms and concepts such as going international, global expansion, cross-state acquisition, global mergers, multinational corporation etc. clear signs. Expatriation is an important part of the globalization phenomenon, with more and more managers and workers living and operating outside of the borders of the company’s home country. Keep Reading..
Switzerland is a country of contrasts: Cosmopolitanism mixes with a strong sense of community; tradition meets modernity. In Zofingen, a small town in the canton of Aargau, the new industrial zone borders the old town walls—remnants from the middle ages. The mountains here are called Bärenhubel, Finkenherd and Bergli. However, a few kilometers to the northwest lies the Wiggertal motorway triangle where the A1 and A2 meet—the main traffic arteries of Switzerland.
They connect Berne with Zurich and Basel with Lucerne. Aargau is not known as the “Heart of Switzerland” for nothing.At this intersection, the financial services provider PostFinance, a division of Schweizer Post, opened its second “heart” last autumn—a synchronized data center to support the original center in Berne. Andre Kocher and his 40 colleagues in system administration ensure the multiple hearts of PostFinance continue to beat around the clock. Click here to read more…
An interesting discussion is currently taking place between the banking industry and its supervisors regarding the adoption of a models-based approach to measuring credit risk for regulatory capital purposes. Such a discussion would have been unthinkable just a few years ago and is evidence of the impressive advances in risk measurement that have been made by the industry in a relatively short space of time.
This rapid pace of change contrasts with the initial slowness that banks exhibited towards the adoption of new capital management techniques, at least relative to some other industries. This is understandable since, until the end of the 1970s, the financial sector was so heavily protected that there was practically no need to worry about the efficient allocation of resources. Capital Risk Management…
INTRODUCTION: A central challenge of all research lies in how to capture the complexity of reality, yet limit the potentially endless amounts of information that must be collected to describe it. Humans are not efﬁcient at processing large amounts of data, and use strategies to organize information and decide what is important. These strategies differ along well-recognized lines. A common contrast between two distinct styles of thought has been given many names: the yin and the yang, the Apollonian and Dionysiac, the male and female, the right brain and the left.
Similar contrasts are seen, also, in our approach to knowledge, science and our deﬁnition of reality. These are more than different methods of study: they are paradigms in that they involve differing assumptions, beliefs and values, as well as methods of study. The culturally assigned male values of autonomy, separation and distance from the object of study are reﬂected in objective, quantitative research methods. The female values of closeness, subjectivity and detail are reﬂected in the qualitative methods now gaining a place in health research. Both paradigms address the question of how we know what we know: the connection between the external world and the process of knowing. Click here to read more…
Online Shopping Behaviour: Indian vs International Consumers
Set in early 2010, this case study details and contrasts Internet penetration, Internet usage rates and level of e-commerce activity in the developed countries and other e-commerce active countries with that of developing and other e-commerce-dormant countries.
The case, in the backdrop of all the accompanying information, enables a lively discussion on what it takes Indian market to reach $100 billion level by 2020. This involves behavioural and institutional (hard and soft infrastructure) modifications. The case facts enable a thorough analysis of the desired modifications. Ideally suited for Consumer Behaviour course, this case study can also be used for Business Strategy course.
In developed and other e-commerce active countries, there exists a perfect correlation between the Internet penetration and online shopping figures. Though there has been some progress in India, a large potential pool of online shopping community has not yet been tapped.
What factors would facilitate a change in Indian consumers’ behaviour towards online shopping? In other words, what it takes to convert Indian traditional (terrestrial) shoppers into Internet shoppers? Click here to read more…