A Study on Effects of Impression Management on Performance Ratings and Customer Perceptions
Abstract: Performance ratings are an important measure of employees’ organizational worth (Motowidlo & Van Scotter, 1994). Supervisors are the primary evaluators of subordinates’performance since they usually know their subordinates best. As might be expected, subordinates generally act in special ways in the presence of their supervisors in order to create a desirable image. This is termed impression management. In this study, the impact of employee impression management on supervisor positive affect toward the employee, performance ratings and customer service perceptions will be examined. The moderating role of political skill will also be studied. When employees have high political skills, they are able to disguise their true intentions so as to appear genuine (Treadway et al., 2007). Thus it is expected that the impression management attempts of politically skilled employees will be more successful at obtaining good performance ratings from upervisors and customers.
Introduction:~Impression management is universal behaviour associated with daily work and life. Impression management refers to “efforts by an actor to create, maintain, protect, or otherwise alter an image held by a target audience” (Bolino et al., 2008, p. 1080). When individuals interact with others at work, school, or home, they try to manage their impressions either consciously or unconsciously to influence how they will be treated by these other people. In recent years, there has been increasing research interest in impression management. A majority of research in impression management in 2organizations has focused on its use in the context of job interviews, performance appraisals, and career success (Bolino et al., 2008). It is considered a tool of influence to increase people’s success at work. People project the image of what they consider to be ideal by using impression management tactics. Keep reading…
Study about A New Field Screening Tool for Delineating Soil PCB Contamination
Introduction: To completely delineate PCB contamination in soil, repeated mobilizations to the study site may be necessary when relying solely on laboratory gas chromatograph (GC) analysis. Preliminary field screening of soil samples has been used by Dames & Moore when assisting Wisconsin Power and Light Company to more accurately locate and define PCB contamination during site investigations.
Field screening has also been used to direct soil excavation efforts to limit the amount of soil requiring disposal and to improve the potential that subsequent verification sampling will show the site to be remediated. Finally, preliminary field screening can be used to limit the number of investigative samples submitted for confirmatory GC laboratory analysis. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Decision Quality: Considerations Regarding Utility
During the course of their lives, people are faced with many decisions—covering a wide variety of contexts and ranging in importance. Common decision-making topics include career moves, whether to get married (and, if so, to whom and when), what house to rent (or buy), where to shop for groceries and what to have for dinner. The need for making a good decision grows as the importance of the context increases. Unfortunately, it is often not obvious what constitutes a good decision.
At the bottom line, the question of decision quality is the essence of decision sciences: a main goal of researchers in the discipline is to help improve people’s decision making. Yet, with few exceptions (e.g., Edwards et al., 1984; Lipshitz, 1989, 1995; Hershey & Baron, 1992, 1995; Frisch & Jones, 1993; Frisch & Clemen, 1994), this topic has received relatively little attention in the literature. Several reasons may account for the reluctance to treat it directly. First, the topic may be seen as too broad and ill-deﬁned, rendering it virtually impossible to be treated in a systematic and concise manner. A second, related, reason may be that various classes of decisions can be deﬁned, each requiring different judgment criteria. keep reading…
A Study about Child Development Indicators in Rural Panchayats of Tamilnadu
Executive Summary: Child Development: A Priority Area? Children grow, develop & learn throughout their lives from birth & infancy to adulthood. The child’s development can be measured through social, physical & cognitive developmental milestones. If children fail to develop properly, they may be unable to reach their full potential. However, health care professionals & parents can work together as partners to help children grow healthy & strong. The intent of early child interventions is to lay a foundation in conjunction with the family to support infants as they grow & mature into healthy individuals. A healthy status means achieving the best possible outcome for a child in physical, mental & social functioning.
Though children grow, develop and learn throughout life the first five years of life are critical, and so an increasing number of early childhood interventions are being developed and implemented both by the government & the private sectors. Apart from these social, religious, economic and political institutions, media & cultural values can also influence how children live their lives. Study of child development is important because it provides practical guidance for all those who care for children. International agreement on standard child development indicators has been reached only for health and nutrition. The commonly used child development indicators can be broadly divided into health indicators, nutrition indicators and cognitive development indicators. Keep reading…
A Study about National Oil Companies and Value Creation
Ecopetrol was established in 1951 as Empresa Colombiana de Petróleos, a wholly state-owned industrial and commercial company responsible for administering Colombia’s hydrocarbon resources. Prior to 1955, Ecopetrol’s role was administrative and regulatory: it oversaw private company operations in the country under a concession established the 1920s. It began limited E&P operations in 1955, and by 1974 it operated Colombia’s two largest refineries, at Cartagena and Barrancabermeja.Beginning in 1974, private companies were required to associate with Ecopetrol in order to conduct E&P operations in Colombia.
Ecopetrol was given the option to participate in post exploration activities, with up to a 50 percent equity interest (changed to 30 percent in 1999 and terminated in 2003) in any commercial hydrocarbon discovery in the country. The company remained in a largely nonoperating role: in 2004 Ecopetrol operated only 40 percent of its total crude oil production. Nevertheless, the fact that Ecopetrol had a post exploration equity interest in any oil or gas discovery in Colombia between 1974 and 2003 allowed the company to build an asset base while limiting investment and exploration risk. Keep reading…
A Study about Non-Government Organizations: Problems & Remedies in India
Abstract: NGO are non-profit making agencies that are constituted with a vision by a group of like minded people, committed for the uplift of the poor, marginalized, unprivileged, underprivileged, impoverished, downtrodden and the needy and they are closer and accessible to the target groups. Фlexible in administration, quicker in decision making, timely in action and facilitating the people towards self-reliance ensuring their fullest participation in the whole process of development. The achievements and success of NGOs in various fields and the excellent work done by them in specific areas is no doubt a tremendous task that has helped to meet the changing needs of the social system. However, insprite of its achievements in various fields, NGOs are facing different problems which differ from organization to organization, region to region. In this context, an attempt is made in this paper to discuss some of the common problems faced by the NGOs and to give some remedies to overcome these problems.
Introduction: Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) have become an irresistible global force today. The non-governmental sector, also known as voluntary sector, is growing in relation to its presence in developmental activities. Its role in the sphere of human development is now widely recognized and accepted in most parts of the universe. Basically, an NGO or voluntary organisations are non-profit making agencies that are constituted with a vision by a group of like minded people, committed for the uplift of the poor, marginalized, unprivileged, underprivileged, impoverished, downtrodden and the needy and they are closer and accessible to the target groups, flexible in administration, quicker in decision making, timely in action and facilitating the people towards selfreliance ensuring their fullest participation in the whole process of development. keep reading…
A Study about Parenting Coordination and Court Reiteration
Abstract: This case study explores the degree to which the number of court motions changed 1 year after parenting coordination was implemented with high-conﬂict co-parenting couples and examines the parents’ demographic proﬁle. Findings indicate a reduction of approximately 75% in child-related court ﬁlings, as well as a 40% decrease in other motions, resulting in a decrease of 50% in all motions ﬁled, thus saving these once high-conﬂict couples, and the court, signiﬁcant time and resources. The diverse demographic proﬁle illuminates training and research implications regarding the use of parenting coordination as an intervention for high-conﬂict co-parenting couples.
Although parental separation and divorce are prevalent in American society, the impact on children can be extremely stressful, traumatic, and damaging (Elrod & Ramsey, 2001). Even parents who were never married beneﬁt from assistance that considers the entire family unit in addition to the needs of the individuals and allows for less adversarial alternatives to conﬂict resolution, rather than leaving the fate of the children to decisions of family court judges, attorneys, and custody evaluators. While it has been suggested that children typically survive parental separation and divorce, they cannot subsist unscathed when there is prolonged, chronic hostility between parents. keep reading..
Introduction:~ Health is one of the many areas in which there has been a significant amount of interest in relating locus of control (LOCI beliefs to a variety of relevant behaviors. Much of the earlier work in this area has already been reviewed and is available elsewhere (see Strickland, 1978; Wallston, & Wallston, 1978). In this chapter we will not review this material again but will focus on work that has used the health-specific scales we developed.
The Health Locus of Control (HLC] Scale and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC] Scales.2 This chap- ter will review our own program of research and the programs of others across the country who have been using these scales.3 We have tried to be as complete as possible in covering such work, but much of it is unpublished, and numerous studies are in progress. Keep reading…
A Study of Anganwadi Workers and Their Problems in: An Urban ICDS Block
Objectives: To study the profile of Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) .To assess knowledge of AWWs & problems faced by them while working. Study design: Cross sectional study. Methods:- Anganwadi centres were selected by stratified sampling technique. From each sector, 20%_AWWs were enrolled into study. The functioning of AWWs was assessed by interviewing Anganwadi workers for their literacy status, years of experience, their knowledg about the services rendered by them and problems faced by them.
Result: Most of AWWs were from the age group of between 41-50 years; half of them were matriculate and 82.14% workers had an experience of more than 10 yrs. Majority (78.58 %) of AWWs had a knowledge assessment score of above 50%. They had best knowledg about nutrition and health education (77.14%).75% of the workers complained of inadequate hqnorarium, 14.28 % complained of lack of help from community and other problems reported were infrastructure related supply. excessive work overload and record maintenance. Conclusions : Majority of AWWs were beyond 40 years of age, matriculate, experienced, having more than 50% of knowledge related to their job. Complaints mentioned by them were chiefly honorarium related and excessive workload. Keep reading…
Study about the Relationship between Student Social Networks and Sense of Community
Abstract: As the integration of community-centred teaching practices intensifies, an understanding of the types of relationships that manifest in this network and the associated impact on student learning is required. This paper explores the relationship between a student’s position in a classroom social network and their reported level of sense of community. Quantitative methods, such as Rovai’s (2002b) Classroom Community Scale and social network centrality measures, were incorporated to evaluate an individual’s level of sense of community and their position within the classroom social network. Qualitative methods such as discussion forum content analysis and student interviews were adopted to clarify and further inform this relationship.
Introduction: Recent education literature has highlighted the importance for practitioners to adopt a community-centred pedagogy as a strategy for facilitating student learning (e.g. Brook & Oliver, 2003; Fink, 2003; Johnson, 2001). The dominant tenet of this pedagogical approach can be traced back to the works of Dewey (1938/1963) and Vygotsky (1978) who maintained that the process of learning is facilitated through individual participation in social interactions. This pedagogical model is framed within social-constructivist principles with a focus on developing activities that promote learner-to-learner interactions to support the co-construction of knowledge and the sharing of information and resources. In this context, learning activities involving group work and collaboration are commonly implemented practices. Keep reading….