A Study about Non-Government Organizations: Problems & Remedies in India
Abstract: NGO are non-profit making agencies that are constituted with a vision by a group of like minded people, committed for the uplift of the poor, marginalized, unprivileged, underprivileged, impoverished, downtrodden and the needy and they are closer and accessible to the target groups. Фlexible in administration, quicker in decision making, timely in action and facilitating the people towards self-reliance ensuring their fullest participation in the whole process of development. The achievements and success of NGOs in various fields and the excellent work done by them in specific areas is no doubt a tremendous task that has helped to meet the changing needs of the social system. However, insprite of its achievements in various fields, NGOs are facing different problems which differ from organization to organization, region to region. In this context, an attempt is made in this paper to discuss some of the common problems faced by the NGOs and to give some remedies to overcome these problems.
Introduction: Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) have become an irresistible global force today. The non-governmental sector, also known as voluntary sector, is growing in relation to its presence in developmental activities. Its role in the sphere of human development is now widely recognized and accepted in most parts of the universe. Basically, an NGO or voluntary organisations are non-profit making agencies that are constituted with a vision by a group of like minded people, committed for the uplift of the poor, marginalized, unprivileged, underprivileged, impoverished, downtrodden and the needy and they are closer and accessible to the target groups, flexible in administration, quicker in decision making, timely in action and facilitating the people towards selfreliance ensuring their fullest participation in the whole process of development. keep reading…
A Study about Parenting Coordination and Court Reiteration
Abstract: This case study explores the degree to which the number of court motions changed 1 year after parenting coordination was implemented with high-conﬂict co-parenting couples and examines the parents’ demographic proﬁle. Findings indicate a reduction of approximately 75% in child-related court ﬁlings, as well as a 40% decrease in other motions, resulting in a decrease of 50% in all motions ﬁled, thus saving these once high-conﬂict couples, and the court, signiﬁcant time and resources. The diverse demographic proﬁle illuminates training and research implications regarding the use of parenting coordination as an intervention for high-conﬂict co-parenting couples.
Although parental separation and divorce are prevalent in American society, the impact on children can be extremely stressful, traumatic, and damaging (Elrod & Ramsey, 2001). Even parents who were never married beneﬁt from assistance that considers the entire family unit in addition to the needs of the individuals and allows for less adversarial alternatives to conﬂict resolution, rather than leaving the fate of the children to decisions of family court judges, attorneys, and custody evaluators. While it has been suggested that children typically survive parental separation and divorce, they cannot subsist unscathed when there is prolonged, chronic hostility between parents. keep reading..
Introduction:~ Health is one of the many areas in which there has been a significant amount of interest in relating locus of control (LOCI beliefs to a variety of relevant behaviors. Much of the earlier work in this area has already been reviewed and is available elsewhere (see Strickland, 1978; Wallston, & Wallston, 1978). In this chapter we will not review this material again but will focus on work that has used the health-specific scales we developed.
The Health Locus of Control (HLC] Scale and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC] Scales.2 This chap- ter will review our own program of research and the programs of others across the country who have been using these scales.3 We have tried to be as complete as possible in covering such work, but much of it is unpublished, and numerous studies are in progress. Keep reading…
A Study of Anganwadi Workers and Their Problems in: An Urban ICDS Block
Objectives: To study the profile of Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) .To assess knowledge of AWWs & problems faced by them while working. Study design: Cross sectional study. Methods:- Anganwadi centres were selected by stratified sampling technique. From each sector, 20%_AWWs were enrolled into study. The functioning of AWWs was assessed by interviewing Anganwadi workers for their literacy status, years of experience, their knowledg about the services rendered by them and problems faced by them.
Result: Most of AWWs were from the age group of between 41-50 years; half of them were matriculate and 82.14% workers had an experience of more than 10 yrs. Majority (78.58 %) of AWWs had a knowledge assessment score of above 50%. They had best knowledg about nutrition and health education (77.14%).75% of the workers complained of inadequate hqnorarium, 14.28 % complained of lack of help from community and other problems reported were infrastructure related supply. excessive work overload and record maintenance. Conclusions : Majority of AWWs were beyond 40 years of age, matriculate, experienced, having more than 50% of knowledge related to their job. Complaints mentioned by them were chiefly honorarium related and excessive workload. Keep reading…
Study about the Relationship between Student Social Networks and Sense of Community
Abstract: As the integration of community-centred teaching practices intensifies, an understanding of the types of relationships that manifest in this network and the associated impact on student learning is required. This paper explores the relationship between a student’s position in a classroom social network and their reported level of sense of community. Quantitative methods, such as Rovai’s (2002b) Classroom Community Scale and social network centrality measures, were incorporated to evaluate an individual’s level of sense of community and their position within the classroom social network. Qualitative methods such as discussion forum content analysis and student interviews were adopted to clarify and further inform this relationship.
Introduction: Recent education literature has highlighted the importance for practitioners to adopt a community-centred pedagogy as a strategy for facilitating student learning (e.g. Brook & Oliver, 2003; Fink, 2003; Johnson, 2001). The dominant tenet of this pedagogical approach can be traced back to the works of Dewey (1938/1963) and Vygotsky (1978) who maintained that the process of learning is facilitated through individual participation in social interactions. This pedagogical model is framed within social-constructivist principles with a focus on developing activities that promote learner-to-learner interactions to support the co-construction of knowledge and the sharing of information and resources. In this context, learning activities involving group work and collaboration are commonly implemented practices. Keep reading….
A Case Studies about Responsible Investment in Passive Management Strategies
Passive management is an important strategy for many investors. It is defined by the PRI (in its Reporting & Assessment survey) as an investment strategy that aims to replicate broad capital market benchmarks (for this reason passively managed funds are also referred to as indexed or tracker funds). There are many funds within the PRI signatory body that have large indexed holdings and find the Principles consistent with their fiduciary duty and goals of delivering long term returns to their clients. The PRI Report on Progress 2010 found that approximately 17% of signatories’ total assets were held passively in 2009, and that each investor signatory typically holds passive funds (based on their median value) worth US$ 1.9 bn, up 31% from the previous year.
This publication has been created to help clarify how signatories can implement the relevant Principles in this important part of their portfolios. Through a brief overview and a series of case studies, this report takes a snapshot of how responsible investment within passive management is currently interpreted. It also provides some initial ideas for how investors can develop their own approaches to this challenge. keep reading…
Studies about Power and Influence in Establishing Continuing Professional Education
Abstract: Studying power and influence tactics and the contexts in which they are used in program planning can advance understanding of establishing continuing professional education (CPE) programs. Researchers (Caffarella, 2002; Cervero & Wilson, 1994; Yang, et al 1998) have primarily focused on power and influence tactics used by adult educators (Caffarella, 2002; Cervero & Wilson, 1994; Yang et al, 1998). This case focuses on identifying and measuring the power and influence tactics in the context of an organization deciding whether or not to establish a CPE program.
Background: This case involves a professional credentialing authority that manages professional state licensure. To protect identities the professional credentialing authority is referred to as the Midwest Board. A trend of establishing continuing professional education (CPE) programs for the profession regulated by the Midwest Board presently exists. Twenty-six states require CPE for the profession, and legislation is in place but not yet implemented in thirteen states, including the state where the Midwest Board is located. Legislation is also being considered in nine other states. Trends of this nature have been mainly driven by the threat of state governments to legislate CPE for various professions. Professions have responded by establishing CPE programs on their own, thus enabling professions to maintain a degree of control. Keep reading….
A Study about Distributed Power Generation: Rural India
Abstract: In this paper, we present an analysis of a rural distribution network to examine what the benefits of decentralized generation would be for meeting rural loads. We use load flow analysis to simulate the line conditions for actual rural feeders in India, and quantify the loss reduction and systemimprovement by having decentralized generation available. We also present a framework for valuing ancillary services from the generator, viz., reactive power. This provides a starting point for utilities in developing countries to better plan their systems to meet dispersed loads, while optimizing for renewables and other decentralized generation sources.
Introduction: Rural electricity supply in India has been lagging in terms of service (measured by hours of supply) as well as penetration. Only 31% of the rural households have access to electricity, and the supply suffers from frequent power cuts and high fluctuations in voltage and frequency, with so-called blackouts and brownouts. The demand-supply gap is currently 7.8% of average load and 13% of peak demand at current prices, which are heavily subsidized, on average. In order to bridge this gap and meet anticipated growth, it is necessary to double the present capacity, i.e., install an additional generation capacity of 100,000 MW by 2012. This would require an investment of Rs. (Rupees1) 7,500 billion (approximately $150+ billion) including investments in transmission & distribution. Keep reading…
Abstract: It is common for people to be more critical of others‘ ethical choices than of their own. This chapter explores those remarkable circumstances in which people see no evil in others‘ unethical behavior. Specifically, we explore 1) the motivated tendency to overlook the unethical behavior of others when we recognize the unethical behavior would harm us, 2) the tendency to ignore unethical behavior unless it is clear, immediate, and direct, 3) the tendency to ignore unethical behavior when ethicality erodes slowly over time, and 4) the tendency to assess unethical behaviors only after the unethical behavior has resulted in a bad outcome, but not during the decision process.
Since 1985, when David Messick and his colleagues showed that people think they are fairer than others, a great deal of research has documented the broad and powerful implications of their work. Among the findings: People are routinely more willing to be critical of others‘ ethics than of their own. People are more suspicious of others‘ motives for committing good acts (Epley & Caruso, 2004; Epley & Dunning, 2000). People assume that others are more self-interested than they are and more strongly motivated by money (Miller & Ratner, 1998; Ratner & Miller, 2001). People believe they are more honest and trustworthy than others (Baumhart, 1968; Messick & Bazerman, 1996) and that they try harder to do good (Alicke, 1985; Baumeister & Newman, 1994). But people are not always eager to shine a critical moral light on others. Indeed, there are systematic and predictable circumstances under which people look theother way when others engage in unethical conduct. This chapter concerns those circumstances. Keep reading…
Case Study about Communication Channels in a Graduate Program
The researchers conducted a study on the communication channels between students and an independent academic graduate program in the United States. The purposes of this study were to (1) identify available communication channels between students and the program; (2) investigate the students’ attitudes toward current communication channels; (3) examine the relationship between students’ and the program’s expectations of effective communication channels; (4) discover any gaps in expectations between students and the program; (5) determine the potential student need for alternative communication channels; and (6) provide suggestions for potential improvement or new communicative means. Using questionnaires and interviews, the researchers collected data from students and faculty in the program. The findings may inform members of the graduate program in designing and implementing communication channels utilized in the program. Also, suggestions for the improvement of current communication channels and characteristics of effective communication channels are provided
Broad use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in education has changed teaching and learning substantially. Researchers and educators have investigated how to integrate technologies with instruction to help students learn more effectively. For example, technologies can provide means by which learners solve problems and can serve as cognitive tools to scaffold learners’ deeper understanding (Blumefeld et al., 1991; Fosnot, 1996; Jonassen, 1999; Land & Hannafin, 2000). Also, the emergence of the Internet allows students to search and access relevant information to help them study subject matter and reflect critically on their learning (Yumuk, 2002). Furthermore, technologies provide opportunities for dialogues and discussions within a learning community (Fosnot, 1996). In addition, ICT can facilitate the sharing of learning resources, space and can promote collaborative and autonomous learning. Teachers’ roles have changed as well. They have to meet different students’ varying needs in these new learning environments. Keep reading…