A common issue for small to medium business (SMB) manufacturers is how to increase revenue and grow their businesses without significantly adding staff. Unfortunately, these companies often emerge from the startup phase saddled with inefficient, manual processes that require extra people to maintain them. Learn how to position your company for more predictable business growth, without a reliance on adding more people. Read more…
Category Archives: White Papers
A Study about Hypothesis Testing and Statistical Power of a Test
A hypothesis is a specific conjecture (statement) about a property of a population of interest. A hypothesis should be interesting to audience and deserve testing. A frivolous or dull example is “the water I purchased at Kroger is made up of hydrogen and oxygen.” A null hypothesis is a specific baseline statement to be tested and it usually takes such forms as “no effect” or “no difference.”
An alternative (research) hypothesis is denial of the null hypothesis. Researchers often, but not always, expect that evidence supports the alternative hypothesis. A hypothesis is either two-tailed 2 A twotailed test considers both extremes (left and right) of a probability distribution. Keep reading..
Knowledge Management (KM) has been growing in importance and popularity as a research topic since the mid 1990s. This is sufficient time for many organizations to implement KM initiatives and KM systems (KMS). This book presents twenty cases investigating the implementation of KM in a number of business and industry settings and a variety of global settings. The purpose of this book is to fill a deficiency that I’ve observed while teaching KM. KM is being taught in specialized courses and as a topic included in Decision Support Systems (DSS), Enterprise Information Systems (EIS), and Management Information Systems (MIS) issues courses.
The deficiency I’ve observed is in moving discussions of KM from a focus on theory to the more practical focus of how to implement KM to help organizations improve their performance. Existing course materials do include some short cases and/or vignettes discussing KM in business settings, but I haven’t found any source that has multiple, detailed teaching cases. Click here to read more…
White Paper about Nature and Dynamics of Institutions Supporting Exchange
Markets rest upon institutions. The development of market-based exchange relies on the support of two institutional pillars that are, in turn, shaped by the development of markets. Research in the ﬁeld of new institutional economics has largely focused upon one such institutional pillar ‘contract-enforcement institutions’ that determine the range of transactions in which individuals can commit to keep their contractual obligations. Yet, markets also require institutions that constrain those with coercive power from abusing others’ property rights. These ‘coercion-constraining’ institutions inﬂuence whether individuals will bring their goods to the market in the ﬁrst place.
Many successful market economies have prevailed in the past; there were adequate market-supporting institutions. Early successes, such as those in the Islamic world or China, were not indicators of later development. It was the commercial expansion that began in Europe during the late medieval period that led to the development of markets that support the complex, dynamic modern economy with its wide-scale reliance on impersonal exchange. Why didn’t early success lead to subsequent market expansion? More generally, what does determine the dynamics of market expansion? Addressing these questions is a key to understanding the ‘Rise of the West,’ the operation of market economies, and the factors that still hinder market development. Keep reading on Institutions Supporting Exchange
To stay competitive, organizations are looking for ways to facilitate a smoother and more optimized global supply chain. But while companies are turning to business intelligence (BI) tools, many lack the ability to escape the gravity well of becoming data-rich while remaining information-poor. Learn how leading companies have eliminated the obstacles that hinder their ability to make better business decisions. Read More….
Any project represents significant effort in terms of justifying resource allocation and expense. Project failure may not only diminish or eliminate expected benefits, but also damage existing tools and processes. There are ten key steps for project success; many of these steps occur concurrently, and are important focal points for teams and executives contemplating initiating projects. However there is no single formula to the success but the basics remain the same. Read more..
A Study about How Civil Society Helped the Poor?
Abstract: This paper sets out to explore the achievements of civil society in the area of poverty reduction. The focus is mainly on three domains (1) Advocacy; (2) Policy Change and (3) Service Delivery. Three case studies illustrate how poverty can be addressed at various levels and through different approaches:
(1) Shack Dwellers International (SDI) operating internationally to advocate for the urban poor’s rights;
(2) Civil society organizations participating in the formulation of PRSPs to call for pro-poor policy reforms at the national level; and finally
(3) The example of BRAC (formerly the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) providing services to the poorest at the grassroots level.
Drawing on these case studies, the paper explains the keys to success and reasons for failure of civil society organizations in tackling poverty reduction effectively.
Introduction: The 1990s saw many changes as the Cold War ended and globalization began to drive social and economic change. Two of these have particular significance for the subject of this paper. First, the evolution of a global consensus that extreme poverty had to be tackled, culminating in the MDGs. Secondly, the belief that civil society should be a major player in this task – mobilizing communities, delivering services and shaping policies. The question is then: can civil society play a major role in delivering the world’s biggest promise, i.e. poverty reduction? Despite the importance of global poverty reduction, no movement has ever been developed around this issue. Why are there environmentalists and feminists but not ‘poverty-reductionists’? The growing international interest in poverty reduction results mainly from the efforts of aid and donor agencies and the energies of thousands of civil society organizations – rather than a selfsustaining social movement on poverty. Keep reading…