A Study about the Effectiveness of Online Learning
Comparative research on learning outcomes in distance education versus face-to-face instructional settings has a long history, reaching back to the 1920s. The findings of hundreds, perhaps thousands of studies, over the decades and through the 1990s have been consistent -there are no significant differences in learning outcomes achieved by students engaged in faceto-face instruction compared to those participating in distance education. This holds true regardless of the technology medium used, the discipline, or the type of student. Beginning around 2000, several studies, including meta-studies.
A large k-125 of experimental and quasi-experimental studies met the established inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis (including data from over 20,000 participating students), and provided effect sizes, clearly demonstrating that in 70 percent of the cases, students taking courses by distance education outperformed their student counterparts in the traditionally instructed courses. By dividing the two-decade time span into four sub-studies, it was determined that the probability of DE [Distance Education] outperforming F2F [Face-to-Face] increased from 1991–2009 and authors predict that it will continue to increase in strength. Keep reading….
A Case Study about Gender and Equity in Education Swaps in South Asia: Bangladesh
Executive Summary: This study, commissioned by the Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA) of UNICEF, is part of a three-country research effort (Nepal and Sri Lanka are the other two countries) to understand in detail how gender and social disparity/exclusion are being addressed in a selection of education Sector-Wide Approaches (SWAps) in South Asia, in order to inform good practice within those countries and to learn lessons for other countries in the region and beyond. The three case studies will be synthesized into a major report that explores how educational programmes supported by SWAps are conceptualizing and addressing issues of social exclusion and gender disparity, and with what results. The education SWAp considered in this study is PEDP-II(Primary Education Development Programme, Phase II). For the study, the researchers reviewed relevant documents and interviewed 60 persons from the government, donor partners, NGOs and other key organizations.
PEDP-II has made important strides forward in terms of social inclusion during its first three years. It has brought to DPE and MoPME the language of social inclusion and a heightened awareness and understanding of its importance where it barely existed before. It has made a significant improvement in the gender ratio of new teachers. It has established an Access and Inclusive Education Cell (AIEC) in DPE. It has prepared an Inclusive Education Framework and a set of Action Plans covering gender, special needs, vulnerable and tribal children. It has begun to incorporate gender sessions in all short courses for headteachers, subject-based teachers’ training and SMC training. It has begun to take the first steps on the long road of bringing special needs children into schools. Keep reading…
Abstract: This paper aims to provide a review of information and communication technology (ICT) models and frameworks in the implementation of one communication technique namely electronic data interchange (EDI). The main body of this paper describes and explains the usage of these tools and any specific industries in which they are applied. The tools are then individually analysed and then compared for similarities, dissimilarities, and their associated attributes. The methodology used divides the models into two categories, electronic data interchange specific and more generic. A set of integrated questions based on conceptual, research, and practical issues are then applied.
Introduction: Problem definition Electronic data interchange (EDI) is a constructive element of electronic commerce (e-commerce), a definition of which is the electronic exchange of goods and services’’. This exchange process can be sub-divided into three stages, the pre-purchase stage, the purchase stage and the delivery stage. The second of these stages is predominately the EDI stage. EDI utilizes standardized business document templates for the exchange of electronic information between trading partners.It is a value adding communication technique and an enabler of change. It assists customer service improvements whilst providing cost benefits, through trading partner collaboration and cohesion. keep reading…
Case Study about ASPBAE Research on Information and Communication Technology
The challenge Bangladesh faces is how to become a learning society and to ensure that its citizens are equipped with the knowledge, skills and qualifications on information and communication technology (ICT) they will need in the next century. ICT revolution imposes particular challenges on education systems in Bangladesh. These challenges reduce to three broad areas. The first has to do with participation in the information society, the second considers how ICT impacts on access, cost effectiveness and quality of education,
While the third is to dowith the way that ICT changes the education process. However, ICT is contributing to everincreasing inequalities in Bangladesh through the so-called “digital divide” that splits the Bangladesh between those who are “ICT-literate” and the majority who are not and most of the women have no access to a computer and the Internet. Keep reading
A Case Study about Information & Communication Technology in Tertiary Education in Ghana: Electronic Learning
Abstract: Population growth and the increasing number of people seeing the relevance of education as well as demand for tertiary education in Ghana have been on the rise yearly. Tertiary institutions in Ghana have been unpleasantly turning away large numbers of qualified applicants due to lack of facilities. To solve some of these problems in the tertiary educational sector of Ghana, the use of ICT through ELearning have a major role to play.
Introduction: There is a growing clamour in Ghana’s public universities and polytechnics to be run as businesses. These tertiary institutions are usually assessed in terms of business models and measures. Consistent with these models, universities and polytechnics are now required to justify their existence based not on criteria such as quality of faculty or resources alone, but on whether they satisfy current demands; anticipate future demands; continuously increase product offering i.e. programmes and sales. keep reading..
Case Study about Requirement Engineering meets Security: Modelling Secure Electronic Transactions
Abstract. Computer Security is one of today’s hot topic and the need for conceptual models of security features have brought up a number of proposals ranging from UML extensions to novel conceptual models. What is still missing, however, are models that focus on high-level security requirements, without forcing the modeler to immediately get down to security mechanisms. The modeling process itself should make it clear why encryption, authentication or access control are necessary, and what are the tradeos, if they are selected.
Introduction: Devambu and Stubblebine introduced with these words their ICSE article on security and software engineering. The article marked a surfacing need in the IT community: security is not just about securing protocols and communication lines, it is also about software. Indeed, the need of securing software is even more pressing than the need of securing communication. Almost no attack has been reported in the literature where hackers harvesting credit card numbers by snooping communication lines, whereas exploits of software security bugs are constantly among the headlines. keep reading on Electronic Transactions
Case Study about Factors Influencing the Adoption of E-government Services
Abstract: E-government initiatives are in their infancy in many developing countries. The success of these initiatives is dependent on government support as well as citizens’ adoption of e-government services. This research identified the attitudes and perceptions of the citizens of Kuwait, a developing country, towards the adoption of e-government services. Based on previous research exploring the determinants of the adoption of e-government services using an amended version of the UTAUT model, the study reported here investigates the factors that influence the take-up of such services.
Introduction: E-government has been defined as “the application of information and communications technology (ICT) to transform the efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability of informational and transactional exchanges within government, between governments and government agencies at federal, municipal and locallevels, citizens and businesses; and to empower citizens through access and use of information”. The success of such initiatives is dependent not only government support, but also on citizens’ willingness to accept and adopt those e-government services. Government decision makers, therefore, need an understanding of the factors that would encourage use of electronic rather than more traditional service delivery methods.
Abstract:Recent advance in the filed of Information and communication technology and usages of internet in rural and urban area has a great social economical input on the lives of the people all over the glob. The internet is changing the way we do the things today. The online system like e-government, ecommerce, e-ticket, e-education, e-book, e-bill etc has made our lives easy like never before.
The success of any on-line (internet based) service or application largely depends on information exchange, material transaction and most important of all monitory transaction various. E-payment system fails today to provide monitory transaction concepts and also different usages. The basic working of e-payment solutions are differ and usages also differ. All these types of solutions have different types of limitation regarding there working mechanism, type of uses, characteristic etc…
Case Study about E- Governance Initiatives in India
Public Administration is passing through a process of crucial change all around the Globe from last few decades. The Traditional model of administration characterized by hierarchy and its greater emphasis on rules leading to rigidity has been criticized on the grounds of inefficiency, corruption, lack of transparency and non-responsiveness. It is being substituted by a new model of Administration “New Public Administration”. The government has taken many initiatives for Good Administration. And E-Governance is the key tool for SMART Administration.
Electronic delivery of public services or electronic governance is perhaps the second revolution in public administration after NPM, which may transform not only the way in which most public services are delivered, but also the fundamental relationship between government and citizen.
Bluetooth is a high-speed, low-power microwave wireless link technology, designed to connect phones, laptops, PDAs and other portable equipment together with little or no work by the user.
Automatic communication between various devices within a small area in a house or an office makes it possible to provide unique and innovative services to a professional worker or a small group of workers using portable devices. Bluetooth technology has this potential and is coming along fast and quick. It will replace clumsy wires, make information transfer automatic without synchronization cradles and introduce many new applications. Technology visionaries hope that it will do what infra red could not do over the past six years.