Obesity is a chronic disease that affects many people and often requires long-term treatment to promote and sustain weight loss. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey there are > 64% of adults in the US who are either overweight or obese. Health risks or conditions associated with obesity include: diabetes, coronary heart disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension, stroke, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, osteoarthritis, gallbladder disease, some cancers.
There are many factors that contribute to the increase in obesity in today’s society. According to The Obesity Epidemic: Pathophysiology Consequences of Obesity 2002, some contributing factors of obesity include the food supply being abundant and low in cost; the availability of foods with high caloric density in prepackaged forms; fast food restaurants; reduced amounts of physical activity; and the widespread availability of electronic devices that promote a sedentary lifestyle particularly among children.
In recent times, the high prices of branded prescription drugs in the US have been contrary to its commitments towards the welfare of its citizens, especially the elderly. This can be attributed to a misplaced patent regulatory mechanism, which on one hand limits the entry of cheaper generics and on the other, inflates costs as a result of a delayed drug approval process.
This has led to a thriving illegal importation of prescription drugs from overseas, especially Canada. In such a scenario, the US faces an unenviable task of not only restricting the inflow of these drugs into the US markets but also giving impetus to the consumer access to cheaper drugs within the US. Click here to read more…
Fragile X syndrome is the most common Xlinked genetic disorder associated with MR with a prevalence of around 1 in 1250 males and 1 in 2500 females. (Sherman et al. 1985; Hagerman 1992). Fragile X chromosome derives its name from the characteristic appearance of hypochromatic constriction at the tip of X chromosome at Xq 27.3 locus and it is visualized in the cells cultured in folic acid deficient medium (Sutherland 1979c). Most of the Fragile X patients show triad of clinical features, viz., MR, triangular face and macro-orchidism Fragile X syndrome has been reported by several groups from many countries and from different ethnic population. Click here to read more…
In 1998, James Thomson of the University of Wisconsin-Madison derived the first human embryonic stem cell line. According to the National Institutes of Health, stem cells are “cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body. All stem cells—regardless of their source—have three general properties: they are capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods; they are unspecialized; and they can give rise to specialized cell types.” Stem cells are generally classified as either embryonic stem cells (ESC) or adult stem cells. Because of the unique nature of stem cells (as compared to other somatic cells), they have become of enormous importance in medical research, particularly as potential cures for life threatening diseases. To refer this case study click hereStem Cell Research
Schizophrenia is a severe, persistent, debilitating, and poorly understood psychiatric disorder that probably consists of several separate illnesses. The hallmark symptoms of schizophrenia are psychotic symptoms, such as auditory hallucinations (voices) and delusions (fixed false beliefs). Impaired cognition or a disturbance in information processing is a less vivid symptom that is highly disruptive. People with schizophrenia have lower rates of employment, marriage, and independent living compared with other people.
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Breast cancer is cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk.Cancers originating from ducts are known as ductal carcinomas; those originating from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas.
After completing a careful medical history and physical with her physician, a mammogram….To refer this case study click here Breast Cancer
In mammals, an abortion is when a pregnancy ends early without the birth of babies. Abortions can occur naturally, usually because something went wrong with the pregnancy. When this happens, it is called a miscarriage. Humans can also end the pregnancy on purpose before birth takes place. This is called an induced abortion. The foundational arguments against abortion are not rooted in its potential danger to women. Abortion is immoral and unjust because it kills a…. To refer this case study click here Abortion Risks