Studies about Perceptions of Company Performance: Impression Management
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate two particular forms of impression management commonly found in corporate annual reports, the distortion of narratives and graph manipulation. Little is known about the potential effects these manipulations have on decisions made by annual report users. A laboratory experiment was performed in which participants were provided with a pack of information for two fictional companies and required to make an investment decision. No significant difference was found between the investment decisions of the participants, confirming previous findings that impression management does not affect corporate annual report users’ perceptions of company performance.
Introduction: Many different types of impression management have been identified as occurring in corporate annual reports. However, the potential effect of these manipulations is not known (Stanton et al, 2004). The aim in this study is to identify the effects of two forms of impression management on corporate annual report users’ perceptions of company performance in an experimental setting. The first form of manipulation considered is that of the directness of Chairman’s Statements, a narrative commonly found in corporate annual reports. Directness relates to the placement of information within a narrative. The second manipulation of interest relates to graph measurement distortion which occurs when the change in a graph is proportionately greater than the change in the underlying data, resulting in potential misrepresentation of the data. Keep reading…
Study about Developing and Illustrating a Scheme of Analysis for Narrative Disclosures: Impression Management
Design/methodology/approach: Prior research on the seven impression management methods in the literature is summarised. Four of the less-researched methods are described in detail, and are illustrated with examples from UK Annual Results’ Press Releases (ARPRs). A method of computing a holistic composite impression management score based on these four impression management methods is developed, based on both quantitative and qualitative data in corporate narrative disclosures. A bias score is devised to capture the extent to which impression management introduces bias into corporate narratives. An example of the application of the composite impression management score and bias score methodology is provided.
What is impression management?:~ Impression management has its origins in the psychology literature (Schlenker, 1980; Riess et al., 1981; Schneider, 1981). The term “impression management” refers to the process by which individuals attempt to control the impressions of others (Leary and Kowalski, 1990, p. 34). In the context of corporate reporting, impression management occurs when management selects information to display and presents that information in a manner that distorts readers’ perceptions of corporate achievements (Neu, 1991; Neu et al., 1998). Impression management predominantly occurs in less regulated narrative disclosures which focus on interpreting financial outcomes. Keep reading…
Study about Implementation of a Standard Management Outcomes System: Thailand
Abstract: Thai government established standards of Thai public management and public service outcomes that will lead to an achievement of total system outcomes in the public sector. It’s achievements and factors affecting the implementation are questions addressed in this study. Results of the study found that the implementation of PSOís data and participation systems of the CDD caused an improvement in the standard of working systems. Both efficiency and quality of work had been increased. Registered to implement PSO work units have had dramatic reductions in concerned work unitsí complaints, significant reductions in using government budget and increased response rates to peopleís demands and expectations. Characteristic of a learning organization, perception in PSO standards, executive support, participative management, performance improvement experience, regulation used in work are significantly affecting officialsí satisfaction in the work improvements caused by PSO implementation.
Introduction: PSO (Public Sector Standard Management System and Outcomes) policy is a significant innovative public policy that aims to establish standards of Thai public management and public service outcomes that lead to an achievement of total system outcomes in the public sector. Success in PSO policy implementation is regarded as successful implementation in the entire public sector. All government organizations are required to develop standard outcomes. This study aims to find out the outcomes the CDD (Community Development Department) has achieved from the intervention of PSO implementation. Major factors that significantly contribute to the implementation and their effect are identified, and measures those support the implementation are suggested. Data system and Participation system of PSO standards are scope of study. keep reading…
A Case Study about NGOs and Participatory Management Styles
Summary: The concept of participation has become important in the struggle to improve the effectiveness of both the ‘management of organisations’ and the ‘management of development’. However, NGOs may be confused about these two different though related applications of the term. The first part of the paper seeks to clarify this distinction. The author first disaggregates a range of complex issues surrounding the concept of participatory management and attempts to clarify the term. Secondly, the paper points out that the interest in ‘participatory management’ in NGOs is related to similar efforts within management more widely in the private sector, and has similar goals of seeking to improve organisational effectiveness.
Introduction: Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) are now increasingly important in international development. Greater attention is being paid to the management of NGOs, which is often claimed to be ‘participatory’ in character. In addition, the concept of ‘participatory management’ has become more significant for NGOs, particularly those involved in development. However, considerable debate surrounds this complex and poorly understood concept. An NGO that has become increasingly interested in participatory management is CONCERN Worldwide (hereafter referred to as CONCERN). In particular, its country programme in Mozambique has committed itself to adopting ‘a participatory management style’ both at project and country management levels. Therefore, a process of institutional change, aimed at facilitating the greater involvement of people in decision-making, is currently in progress. Keep reading….
A Study about Participative Management: Fundamental Tool For A Motivational Wellbeing Policy
Introduction: Group TVH (Thermote & Vanhalst) is a Belgian company specializing in the industrial forklift and aerial platforms market. It is a well recognized global player in sales, rental, parts, maintenance and distribution of forklifts. TVH has its international headquarters in the West Flemish city of Waregem,Belgium. This company has a reputation as an ambitious worldwide market leader in its field. In addition to its headquarters in Waregem, the group also has regional headquarters in Kansas (USA), as well as subsidiaries, branches and sales outlets in more than 30 countries worldwide. Due to its growth, Group TVH was forced to create different business units, such as the parts division.
A series of internal studies by Group TVH revealed that more than 50% of all accidents revealed in neck, shoulder and/or back injuries. Many of these injuries were not recorded as an accident because the link with work was less evident or there was no proof of a sudden event. Even with the high percentages associated with this type of incident it was difficult for the management to convince employees to ask for help when musculoskeletal problems occur. With this in mind TVH proposed to introduce an annual plan, which focused on eliminating back pain and related lifting issues as a top priority. Keep reading…
A Study about Participatory Irrigation Management in Andhra Pradesh
Introduction: This study gains importance, as there is change in political leadership, which led to new thinking on the PIM. Having completed minimum rehabilitation, it is time for WUAs to concentrate on water management. Others states in the country are looking closely at the experience of AP, which has made a large-scale intervention in PIM. The outcome of this experiment will determine the direction of PIM in the country. The study looked into outcome of PIM based on its current stage and tried to map future needs looking into experience so far and priorities emerging in the context of next generation reforms.
Methodology: Participatory irrigation management is reviewed mainly with the objective of understanding in-depth, the problem, its dimensions and the actual reasons for the problems involved in getting adequate water for irrigation. Meeting with many WUA members gave a different dimensions regarding PIM. The study began with a consultation with the principal secretary and other senior officials at the state level, followed by extensive discussions with field officials, who provided insights on issues that need to be focused by the study. The fieldwork was completed between January and March 2005. The books and records were also consulted and secondary data was collected from the officials during the visit. Keep reading…
When an emergency or disaster strikes, you work as part of a complex emergency management network that calls upon many functions, resources, and capabilities. Your ability to function effectively relates to your understanding of how the emergency management system works and how your agency fits into the network. This course will present the fundamental aspects of emergency management and provide opportunities for you to apply what you learn.
A learner by including activities that highlight basic concepts. It will also provide you with guidance on actions required in specific situations through the use of case studies. These activities emphasize different learning objectives, so be sure to complete all of them. Compare your answers to the answers provided following each activity. If your answers are correct, continue on with the material. If your answers are incorrect, go back and review the material before continuing. Keep reading…
A Study about Strategic Change Management Styles and Roles
Summary: This case is concerned with the management tasks and processes involved in changing strategies. Practitioners must recognize that simply designing a new strategy, business process,structure or system will not necessarily result in change taking place. Other factors must be considered in order to make change happen.
Making change happen requires the organisation to diagnose problems, create solutions, overcome inertia and resistance to change. Through this case,students should recognize that not all strategic change happens in a top‐down manner(where senior managers decide strategy, plan how it will be implemented and then effectthe required change). Strategies often emerge from lower down in the organisation. Keep reading…
In choosing a subject for our management observation, our group’s interest repeatedly returned to a restaurant environment. The process of brainstorming produced many differentstyles of restaurant, and it soon occurred to us that a great deal of potential lay in comparing twosuch styles rather than focusing on one. Thus we decided to observe, compare and contrast management in action at Hooters (660 N. Wells St., Chicago) and Ruth’s Chris Steak House (431N. Dearborn St., Chicago).Both are chain restaurants with well-known brands, and obviously both strive to providetheir patrons with the most enjoyable dining experience possible.
However, each establishment defines that experience uniquely. In one sense, Hooters and Ruth’s Chris share the same goal;in another sense, their goals could not be more diametrically opposed.It is this dichotomy which piqued our collective curiosity as well as shaped our methodology. Our central idea was to observe how managers at Hooters and at Ruth’s Chris achieve essentially the same ends in different ways. Hooters is a sports bar, the kind of placethat draws mostly males age 16-45 in pursuit of beer, hot wings, multiple games on TV and (toput it mildly) other atmospheric qualities prized by that traditionally superficial demographic. Keep reading…
Study about Dimensions of Management Style Compatibility and Cross-Border Acquisition Outcome
Abstract:~ This paper examines how differences in management styles impact the performance of cross-border acquisitions. Two principal ﬁndings are reported. First, the study focuses on the individual dimensions of management style and highlights the particular inﬂuence that differences in risk orientation exert on acquisition outcome. This result, although unexpected, is argued to be consistent with prior literature that places risk orientation in a central role within organisational behaviour. Second, the relationship between management style compatibility and cross-border acquisition performance is found to be contingent upon the level of organisational interaction imposed by the post-acquisition process. Implications are drawn for both researchers and practitioners.
Introduction:~ Recent years have seen a marked increase in cross-border acquisition activity as ﬁrms pursue growth via geographical diversiﬁcation. Cross-border acquisitions have become the dominant means of internationalisation, accounting for approximately 60% of all foreign direct investment inﬂows (Hopkins, 1999). Yet, empirical studies draw attention to the mixed performance record of such acquisitions. While some researchers have reported that cross-border acquisitions create marginally positive abnormal returns for the shareholders of the acquiring ﬁrm (Seth et al., 2000), others have found negative shareholder wealth effects. keep reading…