Introduction:~ When the local building department turned down the request for a new structure, the buyer was shocked, disappointed, dismayed, alarmed, angry, and looking for someone to take responsibility for his decision to buy. It takes no imagination at all to be able to guess who the ‘fall guy’ was to be. It was the agent who had been so confident that the buyer could do as he pleased with his own property. However, under the property ran sewer lines, water lines, gas lines and utility lines that would be covered by the new cement slab for the garage! To move them would cause an expense so great that, to the buyer, the perfect property was now worthless.
Today’s Average Consumer:~ It has been said by some, “You’re not in real estate until you have been sued!” If you believe that, you clearly recognize that real estate is a risky business. If you have ever been sued, you’ll agree that it is a most unpleasant experience. It is timeconsuming, expensive, and emotional. It affects relationships, and can have ill effects on your reputation and career. What the above statement implies, but doesn’t say is, “At some point you will make a mistake that may cause someone harm.” In other words, at some time you will fail to meet the expectations of someone you are dealing with. Generally speaking, disagreements won’t arise unless an expectation is not met. Most litigation claims arise out of misunderstandings of relationships and property condition. Keep reading…
A Case Study about Judicial Reform in Asia: ADB’s Experience
The case study marshals and evaluates a substantial body of new evidence from Asia which has been remarkably under-studied in the academic discourse. Th is body of experience contributes timely evidence of practice which is significant in supporting a number of key propositions. First, it reveals the still evolving nature of the judicial reform enterprise. Second, it demonstrates that ADB has created some ‘results’.
Third, it remains difficult to find any evidence of ‘success’ owing to the continuing conceptual fuzziness in the purpose and goals of endeavor, and the continuing lack of systematic monitoring and evaluation. Fourth, there are some tentative indications of an emerging capacity to demonstrate developmental effectiveness. While this evidence generally conforms to the global literature, the recency of endeavor in this region reveals a dynamic process of evolution, and highlights the incubation of a potentially paradigmatic shift in reform approach. Keep reading….
A Study about Delaware Criminal Justice Information System: Evolution of Integration
Delaware was the first State to implement an integrated criminal justice information system (CJIS) that supported electronic sharing of criminal justice information among the criminal justice community. While Delaware CJIS has been in existence since 1990, it is constantly changing to meet the needs of system participants State and local police, the Attorney Generals Office, the Public Defender’s Office, the Courts (Justice of the Peace Courts, Courts of Common Pleas, Family Courts and Superior Courts), and the Department of Correction.
In 1982, the Delaware State Legislature passed Title 11, Chapter 86, 8603, thereby creating the Delaware Justice Information System (DELJIS) Board of Managers (hereafter referred to as The Board), which was tasked with establishing Policy for the development, implementation and operation of comprehensive data systems in support of the agencies and courts of the criminal justice system of the State. The Board has met on a monthly basis since its inception and has overseen the development of Delaware’s integrated Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS). In addition, a State agency, known as DELJIS, was formed to oversee the day-to-day operations of the CJIS. Keep reading…
Study about Cost of Carry and Prejudgment Interest
Abstract: A uniform application of prejudgment interest associated with tortuous financial takings by defendants has yet to be developed in the law. Legal and economic experts continue to debate the appropriate calculation of prejudgment interest and the courts have endorsed a variety of methods (see Knoll). In this paper, we offer an efficient and consistent method to assign prejudgment interest utilizing the concepts of futures and forward transactions and Keynes’ cost of carry premise.
While we focus on corporate litigation, the concept can be applied to financial takings between individuals. We begin the paper with the succinct legal precedent for the need of prejudgment interest. We follow by presenting a variety of traditional prejudgment interest rate approaches. Then we turn to the analysis of the cost of carry principle and its application to prejudgment interest. We conclude that applying the cost of carry principle, revealed in the plaintiff’s cost of capital, leads to the calculation of prejudgmen interest that creates financial parity between the plaintiff and defendant, and hence, an efficient method of assigning prejudgment interest. keep reading…
A Study about Code of Conduct for a Better Division of Labour in the Development Policy
During the German EU-Presidency division of labour in the development policy was one of the political priorities in the field of development co-operation. As a result of the consultation process the Council of the European Union adopted conclusions on the division of labour and a Code of Conduct. The German Ministry for Development Co-operation called the Code of Conduct “a milestone and bestpractice model for the international donorcommunity”. But what does it mean? The EU accounts for more than half of the worldwide Official Development Assistance (ODA) and includes 15 of 22 bilateral donors organised in the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) (plus EC and New Member States).
If the Member States of the EU stick to their Commitment and the Millennium Development Goals bilateral aid will be doubled in the next years. One of the big problems of development co-operation is that too many donors are concentrating their aid on the same countries and sectors. This leads to the nuisance that, on the one side, there are countries which receive high amounts of ODA in relations to their gross national income (so called “Darling countries”). On the other side, the DAC has identified a number of fragile states which receive little aid (so called “orphan countries”). keep reading…
Case Study about Effective System for Investigating Complaints Against Police
Executive Summary: Investigations of allegations of misconduct, criminality and human rights abuses must be conducted by an agency that is not only institutionally independent of police but also practically culturally and politically independent. This means that the use of former police officers should be minimal if at all. If they are used they must come from forces outside the one under investigation. My study in the field did bring me in contact with some rigorous former police investigators within agencies.
However, unless carefully selected for the absence of police cultural biases, and removed from positions of influence in the organisation, the risk of using former police in this central task is considerable. On the other hand, civilians can and do perform investigations in civilian bodies throughout these regions. They can be trained to be highly effective. Keep reading…
Case Study about Teach Object-Oriented Programming and Design Patterns
Abstract: In order to teach object-oriented design and programming in introductory computer science it is imperative to teach objects from the very beginning of the course. The use of interacting objects is motivated by examples with an inherent complexity. We describe a case study based on a maze as an example that provides a complex framework but at the same time admits to simple pieces that students can work with early in an introductory course. This case study can be used throughout the first year not only tointroduce basic control structures, but also to introduce a number of design ideas and algorithms.
Introduction: Kristen Nygaard (2001, 2002) and others (Nevison and Wells, 2003) have asserted that object-oriented programming should be taught in the context of complex examples. We present a case study based on finding a way through a maze that demonstrates how this can be done. This case study provides material that students can work with from early in a first computer science course to problems appropriate for a second course on datastructures and even beyond. After reviewing other work in the next section, we will first describe the framework for the maze program. Wewill then describe how some basic programmingexercises on control structures appropriate to an introductory class can be developed within thisframework. Keep reading…
A Studies about Ethics Conflicts in Rural Communities
Abstract: Allocation of scarce resources is a reality for health care professionals and organizations. Resource allocation issues can be particularly challenging for rural communities, where resources are not enough to meet all needs and fewer alternatives exist to resolve conflicts between competing needs. In addition, the ramifications of decisions may be more visible in the rural setting. Decisions regarding allocation of resources can be troubling for clinicians and administrators to make, at both the personal and professional levels. Such decisions can be at odds with providers’ deeply held beliefs about benefiting others without harm.
Resource allocation decisions can create conflicts for personal, professional, organizational, and community priorities and commitments. Though resource allocation issues are economic in nature, they inherently raise issues relating to organizational mission nd ethics. The philosophical method chosen to resolve resource allocation conflicts can influence both the way in which decisions are framed, and how the decisions are made. When responding to resource allocation conflicts, it is difficult to prioritize and identify a primary fiduciary duty or responsibility. Keep reading…
The resulting discrimination was obvious. Even those who are uninitiated in the process of formal legal reasoning can easily unmask the decision. Yet the legal foundation for the State’s paternalistic attitude to indigenous groups persisted affecting the allocation of rights of individuals belonging to these communities.
The irony however is that a the very advanced principle on non-discrimination enshrined in no less than the Philippine Constitution was construed to limit the freedoms of significant populations of indigenous groups. Keep reading…
Abstract: To relax the assumption that licensees have no bargaining power, which is prevalent in the licensing literature, the Rubinstein bargaining model is integrated with a duopoly licensing model in this paper. The licensor always licenses the best technology regardless of whether the technology advances are negotiated or solely determined by the licensor. Further, royalties prove to be the only payment method. Otherwise, the choice of the payment methods depends on the licensor’s market entry decision and firms’ bargaining powers in some cases.
Introduction: Innovation plays an essential role in economic development (Schumpeter, 1934). The institution of intellectual property is necessary to encourage innovation. Licensing is a popular way of acquiring existing technology, and licensing has become an important topic in the field of industrial organization since Arrow (1962). Payment methods, advances in licensed technology, and the market entry decisions under licensing, all considered in this paper, are important issues discussed in the literature. Keep reading..