The Impact of Special Economic Zones in India
Introduction: Special Economic Zones (SEZs) can be compared to their predecessors, Free Trade Zones and Export Processing Zones, in that they are aimed at stimulating foreign direct investment (FDI) and rapid, export-led, industrial growth. The essential characteristic of such schemes is that they allow the by-passing of particular social legislation or tax provisions which are perceived to be an impediment to progress or the competitiveness of an export-oriented activity.
Methodology of the survey: The case study is based on a survey of 370 households that was carried out by SDF in close collaboration with the local community members. Interviews were completed by a consultant acting under the guidance of SDF and a prominent academic and member of the solidarity committee against Polepally SEZ. The survey was conducted between February and April 2010. Alongside the quantitative research, extensive personal histories were recorded. The sample of households was made to reflect both those that lost land and those that lost no land, but might otherwise have been indirectly affected..
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