Mumbai is the largest metropolis of India, with a population of 16.37 million in 2001within its urban agglomeration area (Mumbai Urban Agglomeration – MUA). In the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGB – or in the Marathi form, Brihanmumbai Mahanagar Palika, or BMC) area, the population is 11.92 millions in 2001. In 2004, the city’s population is expected to have increased to about 18 million, it becoming the third largest mega city in the world.
The city (the MUA) has however observed a deceleration in its population growth rate in the decade of 1990s, the growth rate coming down to 2.65 per cent p.a. from 4.34 per cent p.a. in the previous decade of 1980s. MUA’s population growth in the decade of 1990s has been lower than all India urbanisation rates of 2.75 per cent. Further, the BMC’s population growth rate has been 1.83 per cent p.a., indicating an out migration from the BMC area to the urban agglomeration areas.
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