Introduction: Most of Africa is underdeveloped and lacks many of the resources that other parts of the world have access to. One of the main resources Africa lacks access to is the Internet, which is driving a large portion of today’s economy. However, the government of Rwanda understands the direction of the global economy and believes the current situation in Rwanda presents an opportunity to become the leaders of the knowledgebased Internet economy in Africa. The government sees the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as the key tool in transforming the economy. Not only does the government believe this is one of the best ways to develop the nation, they also believe it is crucial for the survival of the nation.
Overview Country Background: Rwanda is a small, landlocked nation in East Africa. Rwanda gained independence from Belgium in 1962 amidst ethnic strife between the two main ethnic groups, the majority Hutus and the minority Tutsis. In 1959 the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi king and began killing Tutsis en masse. Over 150,000 Tutsis fled into exile and many of the displacedformed a rebel army, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Thirty years of tension sparked a civil war in 1990 between the RPF and the Hutu-dominated government. The war took a turn for the worse in April of 1994 when President Habyarimana’s airplane was shot down over Kigali..
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