An Analysis of Special Economic Zones in India
Abstract: This study aims at examining the performance of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in employment generation, export promotion, attracting investment (both foreign and domestic), infrastructure development, technology upgradation and skill formation in India. The study also undertakes an in-depth analysis of SEZ scheme in India; origin and growth of Special Economic Zones; analysis the state-wise, sector-wise, type-wise and size-wise distribution and composition of SEZs in India; and examines the working environment in SEZs. Empirical findings reported in this study are based on the data collected from both secondary sources and primary survey.
The primary survey based data was generated through extensive interviews of entrepreneur and workers across the three selected SEZs in Haryana state: DLF Cyber City Developers Ltd., Gurgaon Infospace Ltd., and Reliance Haryana SEZ Limited. The study finds that there is concentration of SEZs in few stats and few sectors in the economy. It is evident from the analysis that SEZs are providing direct employment, indirect employment and employment to women work-force in India. The significant of SEZs in export promotion can be realized from the increasing trend in the value of SEZs exports in Rupees terms and the share of SEZs exports in country’s total exports..
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