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The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that vitamin A deficiency affects 230 million children worldwide, and at least one million children per year are dying of diseases related to this deficiency. Ingo Potrykus and his collaborator Peter Beyer, with financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation, led the effort to develop a variety of rice that contains beta-carotene, the plant pigment that is the precursor of Vitamin A. This rice, called “golden” rice because the inserted beta-carotene turns the grain a golden yellow color, could supply enough beta-carotene in a typical serving to supply 10% of the daily requirement for Vitamin A.
“It is ironic that some of the worst concentrations of xeropthalmia and blindness due to
Vitamin A deficiency occur in populations surrounded by abundant sources of the
vitamins and minerals in local vegetables and fruits, yet no country has yet mounted a
successful campaign to solve the Vitamin A problem in this way.”
Dr. Nevin Scrimshaw, 1991 Laureate of the World Food Prize
Study about Central Statistical Organization of Bhutan
Background:~ The statistical system in Bhutan is relatively decentralized and involves several national agencies, besides the National Statistical Bureau, like the Royal Monetary Authority or the Central Bank, and the various line Ministries. Each agency collects and prepares statistics to serve their own analytical and policy needs and also publishes some information that helps to shed statistical light that is helpful in the national context. The National Statistical Bureau, prior to October 2003 was known as the Central Statistical Organization and was a division under the Planning Commission. In October 2003, by “Government Order”, the, CSO was reorganized as an autonomous body and officially redesignated as the National Statistical Bureau. The National Statistical Bureau is managed by a Statistical Board chaired by the Minister for Labour and Human Resources, with members from key government ministries.
Mission/Mandate of the National Statistical Bureau:~ The mission of the National Statistical Bureau is to provide comprehensive, accurate, timely and reliable data/information to all the data users including the government, private and international organizations and individuals. The National Statistical Bureau, through the following mandate, hopes to work towards the attainment of the stated mission. However, while carrying out these roles and responsibilities it is also felt necessary to build the capacity and the capability of the national statistical staff so to carry them out effectively and efficiently. Keep reading…
This paper examines from various angles the complex relationship between intellectual-property rights and technological innovation. Part I summarizes the principal economic theories concerning how intellectual-property systems can stimulate or impede technological progress. Part II discusses the extent to which those theories find support in the histories in the United States of four technology-intensive industries: pharmaceutical products; biotechnology; aviation; and computer software. The Conclusion attempts to extract from those four historical case studies some generalizations concerning when and how intellectual-property rights might sensibly be employed to foster innovation.
We begin with some familiar generalizations: Technological innovations belong to the category of objects and services that economists refer to as “public goods.” The distinctive characteristics of public goods are that they can be replicated easily and that they are “nonrivalrous” – in other works, enjoyment of them by one person does not prevent enjoyment of them by other persons. Those characteristics in combination create a danger that the pace of technological innovation will fall below socially optimal levels. Why? Because potential innovators will know that, once they reveal their breakthroughs to the world, other people will be able to take advantage of them for free. Keep reading..
This report contains the results of the Value Analysis Study of the Pima Association of Governments (PAG) RTA Grant Road Value Analysis Project. The report is organized in a drill down format, that is, all items are presented first in summary format with increasing levels of detail as one delves (drills down) further into the report. This will allow the reader to easily obtain only the information he or she desires.The first section of the report contains an executive summary of all the value analysis proposals, their estimated savings, and their ultimate disposition. The second section of the report contains a brief project background, the VA Study Team Members, a listing of the Review Board Members, and a brief description of the methodology used.
The third section of the report contains detailed information about each VA Proposal. These individual proposal analyses are also organized in a drill down manner. Section Four of the report contains supplemental recommendations, i.e., ideas that the Team thought would add value to the project but do not necessarily reduce life-cycle costs. Section Five of the report contains ideas analyzed by the Team but either failed because they were thought to not be technically viable and/or did not save life-cycle costs. Section Six of the report contains functions analyzed by the VA Team. Section Seven of the report contains all of the ideas ideated by the Team both prior to and during the workshop. keep reading…
Study about Web Mapping Solution Transforms the Monitoring of Estuary Health – CCMA
Business Challenge:~ The Corangamite Catchment Management Authority (CCMA) ensures the protection and sustainable development of land, vegetation and water resources in the Corangamite catchment, which stretches from Geelong to Ballarat and along the coast to Peterborough, Victoria.
The CCMA is required to report on estuary condition and runs EstuaryWatch, a community based monitoring program aimed at helping local volunteers learn more about the health and workings of estuaries, unique environments where fresh water from rivers interact with salt water from the sea. EstuaryWatch is part of a holistic approach to estuary management. Keep reading…
Case Study about Understanding Parental Motivation to Home School
Abstract: Comparatively little educational research hasfocused on home schooling. Since most students are educated in public schools, parents’ choice of other educational alternatives is often perceived as a deviation from the societal norm. Friends and neighbors of parents who home school rarely understand their motivation for doing so. Thisstudy addresses the following question: why do parentsremove their children from traditional, public school programsto initiate home schooling, and how well do public school personnel understand this motivation? Using qualitative case study methodology, the researcher confined the study to a specific concentrated population of home schooling families. Phenomenological data analysis procedures were used to refine the volume of data and to construct a narrative containing the essence of parents’ lived experience concerning the decision to home school their children.
Introduction: According to American Home School Legal Defense Association Counsel Scott W. Somerville (2007), although home schooling, at the turn ofthe 21st century,should never have been a successful movement, it has. At the onset of the modern home schooling movement in the mid-1960s, “there were no support groups or newslettersfor parents who taught their children at home…many parents who taught their children at home never knew there were any other people doing the same thing” (p. 1). In the early days of the movement, the only sure way to avoid legal trouble wasto hide. Therefore, until the early 1980s, home schoolers comprised a primarily underground movement because public school officials viewed the practice as “criminal truancy” (p. 1). Some parents were arrested, jailed, or fined to compel them to put their children back in school. Public school officialsstrongly believed that they “were protecting innocent children from serious harm” (p. 1). Now, overforty yearslater, many school officialsstill have mixed feelings about the viability of home school. Keep reading…
Ebersberg District Administration sought to bring greater accountability and transparency to finance management, along with better control and ability to manage services in line with citizens’ needs and evolving policies. By engaging with Microsoft Gold Certified Partner INFOMA Software Consulting, the district administration implemented Microsoft Dynamics NAV and INFOMA newsystem public and became the first entity of its kind in the area to realize advanced, businesslike finance management. Today, the district manages finances with unprecedented transparence and reliability of budgets and financial data. New efficiencies let the district reallocate two positions. And, the integrated solution’s business intelligence tools help align finances with the public’s changing needs for essential services and implement political directives promptly.
Situation:In a suburban and rural area immediately east of Munich, Germany, the Ebersberg District Administration serves approximately 130,000 citizens living in small communities and unincorporated areas. District administration employees are civil servants who provide essential social and health services, administrate public-works projects, manage natural resources, facilitate permits and licenses, and help to maintain public safety. In addition, the district’s chief executive is an elected position. The volume of finances that the district administrates, including revenue, investments, and expenses, amounts to several hundred million dollars per year.Keep reading
Background:~ WRM-Media Ltd provide 3rd party advertisers the opportunity to send email and postal marketing to the 30m strong global membership of Who-Remembers-Me.com, wrm-dating.com and wrm-surveys.com. With offices in Wakefield, London and now Sydney Australia, the company has experienced enormous growth in the last 24 months, doubling the number of staff and turnover. Matt Bennathan joined the business in October 2010 and is responsible for setting up and running WRM’s APAC operation in Sydney. Matt brings with him fourteen years’ experience in data marketing services.
Challenges:~ WRM-Media recently expanded into Australia. During the planning, analysis and market research stages of the Australian expansion, it was identified that WRM-Media needed a geodemographic product to add depth, analytic capabilities and improve targeting in Australia. Keep reading…
Due to increasing economic hardship at household level, women have increased participation in income generating activities. They are mostly found in small-scale economic activities such as trading, hair dressing, dress making, bakery, agro-processing, among others. Their effort to improve living standards of their households is always hampered by problems such as lack of resources, poor education and unfavourable government policies.
With the presence of supporting institutions in Offinso District the study intend to examine how w9men’s participation in small-scale income generating activities can contribute towards sustainable household income. Major problems faced by women are identified of which strategies to minimise them are recommended. keep reading…
A Case Study about Rural Women Employment Creation Project (RWECP): Dumuria Thana, Bangladesh
Abstract:~ This study is an attempt to examine the performance of income generating activities supported by Rural Employment Creation Project (RWECP) in empowering poor women. RWECP is one of the largest projects of Government addressed rural poor women for their income generation as well as poverty alleviation. Out of 12 thanas under this project this study covers only Dumuria thana of Khulna district. Study reveals that irrespective of type, all economic activities supported by RWECP have induced positive impact in women empowerment, though the extent of changes is not significantly high. The activities have enabled women to have a better access to basic needs and make important contribution to household decision making, especially thedecision regarding their personal needs and availing treatment and recreational facilities.
Introduction:~ Pervasive poverty affects millions of people in Bangladesh on many levels, and thus its alleviation requires diverse measures. The most important interventions are those which provide employment and income generation opportunities to the rural poor, enabling them to enhance their living standards. The government has made poverty alleviation one of its primary concerns in various development plans and in its continued efforts to obtain foreign assistance in agriculture, forestry, fisheries, industry, education, health and nutrition sectors (Khandker, 1995). Out of 123 million population of Bangladesh, 60.4 million i.e. 49 percent is women (BBS, 1991). In spite of comprising about half of the population, females are more disadvantaged than male’s condition. Keep reading…