An Enhanced Case Study Approach Using Critical Reflection case study approach is used as a method of applied learning in many fields, including professional practice and liberal arts. Although McCarthy and McCarthy (2006) argue that the case study method does not meet the criterion for experiential learning because it does not involve real-life decision making, others suggest that if case studies are well defined they provide an effective opportunity to experience learning and apply decision making in “life-like” situations. The case study provides an opportunity to connect critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making in the context of application.
Baumberger-Henry (2003) states that case studies are an effective teaching strategy in that students are given the opportunity to use critical thinking in situations that may occur later in their professional practice. Using the case study approach is one way to add meaning and relevance to the learning process. Case studies bring actual examples to the classroom, which can be significant because theory and reality do not always align, and reality itself is not always quite as it is imagined to be. The investigators suggest that case studies can become even more effective when critical reflection is used to enhance the learning process and deepen its associated learning outcomes..