Environmental Protection Through Criminal Law
Abstract: Environmental crime is considered to be a serious and growing international problem challenging the authorities tasked with combating it. Despite the gravity of threat environmental crimes pose to the environment and humans, often such crimes fail to urge an appropriate response from governments and enforcement community. This study aims to reveal the underlying causes for the weak enforcement of environmental criminal law in Lithuania by using the Theory of Rational Choice and Deterrence. Effective performance of each component in the enforcement „chain‟ is a key factor in ensuring the certainty, severity and swiftness of the punishment and therefore, deterrence against criminal activity. The researcher focuses on the factors impeding effective institutional performance in accomplishing those key elements during the first two stages of the criminal procedure.
Introduction: Environmental issues have generated considerable public interest in recent years. Various economic and legal instruments were put in place aiming to ensure that environmental regulations are complied with, and therefore environmental protection objectives are achieved.However, environmental crime rates are believed to be expanding, constantly generatingenormous revenues and causing irreversible destruction to the global environment.2„Environmental crimes can be broadly defined as illegal acts which directly harm the environment.‟3They include acts or omissions related to illegal taking of flora and fauna, pollution offences and transportation of banned substances..
Keep reading Environmental Protection Through Criminal Law